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Summary: What significance does the fact of Jesu being the "Lamb of God have for us today?"

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HB/Gt Dalby 20-01-08

“The Lamb of God”

Story: A tourist visited a church in Germany and was surprised to see the carved figure of a lamb near the top of the church’s tower.

He asked why it was there and was told that when the church was being built, a workman fell from a high scaffold.

His co-workers rushed down, expecting to find him dead. But to their surprise and joy, he was alive and only slightly injured.

How did he survive?

A flock of sheep was passing beneath the tower at the time, and he landed on top of a lamb.

The lamb broke his fall and was crushed to death, but the man was saved.

To commemorate that miraculous escape,

someone carved a lamb on the tower at the exact

height from which the workman fell.

In this morning’s Gospel reading John the Baptist, described Jesus twice as “the Lamb of God”. (Jn 1:29 &36)

And when John says this a second time to two of his disciples – they turn and follow Jesus!!

For us in the 21st Century, these are rather strange words.

Yet to the average Jew of the first Century it wouldn’t have been!

1. So what would the expression “Lamb of God” have meant to the first century Jew.

I suggest that it would have been seen as a allusion to two concepts.

1. The regular Temple lamb offering

The first concept would have been to the regular atoning sacrifices that Jews made in the Temple – as prescribed in Torah – the Jewish Law (per Lev 1:4)

2. The concept of the Passover Lamb.

The second concept to which the term Lamb of God would have been an allusion would have been to the Passover Lamb

Passover was the annual celebration, when the Jews remembered how God had delivered them from the bondage of slavery in Egypt.

The story of the Exodus is told in the first 12 chapters of the Book of Exodus.

Around about 1500 BC, God called Moses to lead the Jews out of Egypt. But Pharaoh steadfastly refused to let them leave. So God sent 10 plagues.

It was the 10th plague that the Jews particularly remembered at Passover.

The 10th plague was when God sent the Angel of Death to destroy all the first born in the land of Egypt.

However, the Angel of Death passed over (and that is where we get the word PASSOVER) those Jewish households where the blood of a lamb – a lamb without blemish - had been sprinkled on the door lintels.

One Bible Commentator put it like this. “In every household in Egypt that night, there was either a dead lamb or a dead firstborn.”

It was only after the 10th plague that Pharaoh

allowed the Jews to leave Egypt.

God commanded the Jews to celebrate this act of salvation from Egypt by holding a festival each year, which they called the "Feast of Passover".

In that festival, each Jewish household was to sacrifice a lamb WITHOUT BLEMISH each year during the Feast of Passover.

This lamb was known as the Passover Lamb

So when John referred to Jesus as the Lamb of God, I think John was saying three things about Christ.

1.1. The lamb without blemish

As the Passover lamb was to be a lamb without blemish, so Jesus was the lamb without blemish.

His was a life of spotless purity – he had no sin. He was a man who had no sin of his own to atone for.


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