Summary: James (or actually, Jacob in Hebrew) was one of the most dramatic cases of a changed life after having been an eyewitness to the resurrection.

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1. James’ Ossuary

A little over 10 years ago, a French scientist made the discovery of an ossuary with the inscription, “James, the son of Joseph, brother of Jesus” on it. An ossuary was a small limestone box used to hold the bones of a dead person after the body decayed (approximately one year after initial burial). The box was about 2’ long x 1’ high x 1’ wide. The box had been in someone’s private collection in Jerusalem until someone recognized the importance of the inscription. Was it actually James’ ossuary? We cannot be certain, but why not?

2. We have been looking at witnesses to the resurrection in 1 Corinthians 15 because the appearances of Yeshua (Jesus) made a life-changing impact on the eyewitnesses. WE are his disciples because the resurrection changed their lives.

a. Peter – impetuous; defensive; denials; died for Yeshua (Jesus)

b. The 12 – defectors at the cross who became defenders of the cross

c. 500 – became a fearless community of believers

d. ALL were impacted by the resurrection and the appearances of Yeshua (Jesus) to them

e. So many witnesses gives validity to the event

3. Today – James, the Lord’s Brother – Galatians 1.18-19

18 Then after three years I went up to Jerusalem to visit Cephas, and remained with him fifteen days. 19 But I saw none of the other apostles except James the Lord’s brother.

a. There was a significant change in James (Yacov) which lead him to become a great leader of the people of God

b. Not James, the brother of John or James, the son of Alphaeus – Lord’s brother

I. Jacob (James) Entered a Period of Unbelief

A. “James” Is Actually “Jacob”

1. “Supplanter” – Difficulties between Jacob and Esau

2. Jacob (James) also gave Yeshua (Jesus) problems

a. Jealousy?

b. A High standard to live up to?

B. The Neglect of Jacob (James) – Critical of Yeshua (Jesus)

Critics/T. Roosevelt

“It is not the critic who counts: not the man who points out how the strong man stumbles or where the doer of deeds could have done them better. The credit belongs to the man who is actually in the arena; whose face is marred by dust and sweat and blood; who strives valiantly; who errs, and comes short again and again, because there is no effort without error and shortcoming; who does actually try to do the deed; who knows the great enthusiasm, the great devotion and spends himself in a worthy cause; who, at the worst, if he fails, at least fails while daring greatly.

“Far better it is to dare mighty things, to win glorious triumphs even though checkered by failure, than to rank with those poor spirits who neither enjoy nor suffer much because they live in the gray twilight that knows neither victory nor defeat.” – Jacob (James) would learn to get into the fray and he would succeed mightily!

Theodore Roosevelt, speech before the Hamilton Club, Chicago (April 10, 1899), in Swindoll, Hand Me Another Brick, p. 79.

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