Summary: The author attributed sole Mediation of the New Covenant to Christ. But How/Why has Christ succeeded? Mediation of the New Covenant is underwritten with a Superior...
MEDIATING The NEW COVENANT-II—Hebrews 9:15-28
A. SECURITY Of CHRIST’s MEDIATION
*B. The DEATH Of The UNDERWRITER
Many Government promises are Underwritten with nothing more valuable than the paper they are written on!
Establishment of a private charitable foundation which outlives us by many years.
“A foundation (also a charitable foundation) is a legal categorization of non-profit organizations that will typically either donate funds and support to other organizations, or provide the source of funding for its own charitable purposes.”—Wikipedia
[source Wikipedia]The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation(Gates Foundation)— “it must donate at least 5% of its assets each year. Thus the donations from the foundation each year would amount to over $1.5 billion at a minimum.”
1. Core Operations
2. Global Health Program
3. Global Development Program
4. United States Program
GHP—“The approximately US$800 million that the foundation gives every year for global health approaches the annual budget of the United Nations World Health Organization (193 nations) and is comparable to the funds given to fight infectious disease by the US Agency for International Development. The Foundation currently provides 17% ($86 million in 2006) of the world budget for the attempted eradication of poliomyelitis(polio).
The author attributed sole Mediation of the New Covenant to Christ.
Christ is the Mediator of the New Covenant & thus man’s redemption.
How/Why has Christ succeeded as Mediator of the New Covenant?
Ways/reasons Christ has successfully navigated the New Covenant.
Previously in Hebrews we discovered that the Successful mediation of the New Covenant is secured by...
A. SECURITY Of CHRIST’s MEDIATION
Today we will find that the Successful mediation of the New Covenant is secured by...
B. The DEATH Of The UNDERWRITER(:16-28):
The Mediation of the New Covenant is Underwritten with Superior things...
1—Mediation of the New Covenant is underwritten with a...
:16—“For where there is a testament, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator.”
:17—“For a testament is in force after men are dead, since it has no power at all while the testator lives.”
Wherever there exists a covenant(will/“testament”), in order for it to be legally enacted or put into effect, the one who has drawn it up must die prior to its enactment. It is a will which dispenses one’s holdings according to the will of the desceased. No “testament”/covenant/will is valid or becomes active while men[those who willed it] are alive.
There is no “power” in such a testament while the “testator” is living. Its intention is to be put into force at death.
Some might say this is an invalid argument since Jesus is indeed alive. However the point in this is that He literally died putting the ‘will,’ as it were, into effect. There is no provision among men regarding resurrection because Jesus’ resurrection is a unique one-time for all-time event.
“Testament/Covenant/Will”—diayhkh—1) A disposition, arrangement, of any sort, which one wishes to be valid, the last disposition which one makes of his earthly possessions after his death, a testament or will; 2) A compact, a covenant, a testament—2a) God’s covenant with Noah, etc. Strong—properly, A disposition, i.e. (specially) A contract (especially a devisory will).
“Necessity”—anagkh—1) Necessity, imposed either by the circumstances, or by law of duty regarding to one’s advantage, custom, argument; 2) Calamity, distress, straits. Strong—Constraint (literally or figuratively); by implication, Distress.
“Testator/One who made it”—diatiyemai—V.—1) To arrange, dispose of, one’s own affairs—1a) Of something that belongs to one, 1b) To dispose of by will, make a testament; 2) To make a covenant, enter into a covenant, with one. Strong—To put apart, i.e. (figuratively) Dispose (by assignment, compact, or bequest). Used 7X.
From—dia—&—tiyhmi—= ‘Thru placing.’
“Force/Valid”—bebaiov—Adj.—1) Stable, fast, firm; 2) metaph. Sure, trusty. Strong—from the base of basiv (through the idea of basality); Stable (literally or figuratively). Used 9X.
“Power/Strength/Force”—iscuw—1) To be strong—1a) To be strong in body, to be robust, to be in sound health; 2) To have power. Strong—To have (or exercise) force (literally or figuratively).
“Lives”—zaw—Strong—a primary verb; To live (literally or figuratively).
:18—“Therefore not even the first covenant was dedicated without blood.”
As in the example of a last will & testament, so even the “first”(old) testament could be enforced “without blood,” that is, without a death. It was put in force thru the death of an innocent animal which was unable to fully satisfy the demands of the testament.
The law itself made no difference if it was not put into effect! The means of putting that into effect was the death of an animal(although a dissimilar & thus temporary substitute).
“Dedicated/Inaugurate/Put into effect”—egkainizw—1) To renew; 2) To do anew, again; 3) To initiate, consecrate, dedication. Strong—To renew, i.e. Inaugurate.
:19—“For when Moses had spoken every precept to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves & goats, with water, scarlet wool, & hyssop, & sprinkled both the book itself & all the people,”