Summary: There is no other gospel, and there is nothing more important than the gospel.
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Galatians is a letter written by the apostle Paul to the churches in Galatia that Paul founded on his first missionary journey. Paul had received a special commission by Christ to preach the gospel to the Gentiles.
“Justification,” “law,” and “grace” are important words in Galatians.
• Justification – God’s declaration that a person is INNOCENT of sin.
• Law – God’s COMMANDS.
• Grace – God’s UNDESERVED kindness.
GRACE VS. LAW
Are we justified by law or by grace?
• Justification is not a REWARD earned by OBEDIENCE.
All who rely on observing the law are under a curse, for it is written: “Cursed is everyone who does not continue to do everything written in the Book of the Law” (3:10).
Those who believe they can be justified by obedience to the law miscalculate the holiness of God and the sinfulness of man.
• Justification is a GIFT received by FAITH.
Clearly no one is justified before God by the law, because, “The righteous will live by faith” (3:11).
Biblical Christianity is unique among all of the world’s religions because it teaches grace (very different from karma in Hinduism). No other religion teaches that justification is given to the undeserving.
THE PROBLEM IN GALATIA
Why did Paul write the letter to the Galatians?
• False teachers were claiming that justification is by faith PLUS WORKS.
• Paul wrote to explain that justification is by faith ALONE.
Paul presents two convictions we should have about the gospel of Jesus Christ.
1. There is ONLY ONE gospel!
I am astonished that you are so quickly deserting the one who called you by the grace of Christ and are turning to a different gospel—which is really no gospel at all (vv.6-7a).
Paul doesn’t beat around the bush. He gets straight to the point. He says, “I am astonished.” He’s amazed, shocked, stunned. Why? Because (1) the Galatians are “so quickly deserting the one who called [them].” Who was that? God! “Deserting” is a military term used for traitors. And (2) they are “turning to a different gospel” —not a gospel of grace, but a gospel of grace mixed with law.
“Deserting” is in the present tense, which tells us that the Galatians were in the process of turning from God’s grace, but there was still a chance they could be stopped. This is why Paul begins this letter with such urgency.
Paul is possibly suggesting “a correlation between his converts’ impending apostasy and Israel’s defections (1) in the case of the golden calf (cf. Exodus 32:8 LXX, ‘They have turned quickly from the way that you commanded them’) and (2) during the period of the judges (cf. Judges 2:17 LXX, ‘They would not listen to their judges because they prostituted themselves to other gods and worshiped them and made the Lord angry. And they fled quickly from the way in which their fathers had walked’). Particularly suggestive are these parallels when it is remembered that ‘the Way’ was the earliest designation of those who believed in Jesus (cf. Acts 9:2; 19:9, 23; 22:4; 24:14, 22). (Richard N. Longenecker, Galatians, p. 14)