Summary: The longest answer given by Jesus to the disciples' question. What message do we have for us today from the Olivet Discourse.
SCRIPTURE READING: Mt. 24:1-35.
Mathew arranges his Gospel narration in a systematic way, in fact, into five distinct groupings or DISCOURSES.
The closing formula that indicates to the end of the discourse is the phrase:
"when Jesus had finished speaking":
• ʻAnd it came to pass, when Jesus had ended these sayings...ʼ (Mt 7:28)
• ʻAnd it came to pass, when Jesus had made an end of commanding...ʼ (Mt 11:1)
• ʻAnd it came to pass, when Jesus had finished these parables...ʼ (Mt 13:53)
• ʻAnd it came to pass, when Jesus had finished these sayings...ʼ (Mt 19:1)
• ʻAnd it came to pass, when Jesus had finished all these sayings...ʼ(Mt 26:1)
1. THE FIVE DISCOURSES
1. THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT:
a. Chapters: Mt 5-7.
b. Content: Beatitudes and Lord’s Prayer.
c. Context: Contains the central tenets of Christian discipleship.
2. THE MISSIONARY DISCOURSE:
a. Chapters: Mt 10
b. Contains: Instructions to the 12 Apostles.
c. Context: Little Commission in contrast to the Great Commission.
3. THE PARABOLIC DISCOURSE:
a. Chapters: Mt 13:1-53
b. Contains: 7 parables for the Kingdom of Heaven
c. Context: Presents the nature of the kingdom.
4. THE DISCOURSE ON THE CHURCH:
a. Chapters: Mt 18
b. Contains: The parable of the Lost Sheep and the Unforgiving Servant.
c. Context: The church the future community of the followers of Christ.
5. THE DISCOURSE ON END TIMES:
a. Chapters: Mt 23-25
b. Contains: Usually called the Olivet Discourse since it was given on Mt. of Olives.
d. Context: Jesus prophesies the destruction of the Temple; tells about His Second Coming; and why we as believers must be prepared in these last days.
2. THE REASON MATHEW’S GOSPEL GIVES THE FIVE DISCOURSE
A question may be asked why does Mathew give these five discourses.
a. GOSPELS PRESENT A THEME; NOT MERELY CHRONOLOGICAL IN NARRATION
• Gospels are not merely a narrative of the sequence of things that happened but intentional choreography around the theme.
• [Not merely chronological but compositional, around the central theme].
• Mathew whose mandate is to present Jesus as the King of the Jews brings these discourses around a particular aspect of Jesus’ teaching that highlights Christ’s kingship.
b. MANDATE OF “THE KING OF THE JEWS”
It only seems natural that the King would lay out and explain His:
1. Moral Code of His Kingdom: Mt 5-7
o Presents Jesus as moral and spiritual teacher and lawgiver - the New Moses.
2. Missional Compulsion of His Kingdom: Mt 10
o The urgency of spreading the message of the kingdom to others.
3. Material Content of His Kingdom: Mt 13
o It encourages a state of preparedness.
4. Member Constituents of His Kingdom: Mt 18
o Deals with relationships between disciples and their role to live as citizens of the kingdom in their congregations today.
5. Majestic Consolidation of His Kingdom: Mt 23-25.
o Examines the signs of the kingdom and the judgment that will precede it.