Summary: God's word gets published by those who oppose the Gospel and those who proclaim and promote it.
Paul Sends out Missionaries
Last week we finished the powerful sermon of Stephen, who was martyred for his defense of the Christian faith. A great crowd held their ears and rushed upon him and stoned him. We noted that he followed the example of Jesus in forgiving those who were stoning him as Jesus had forgiven those who crucified him out of ignorance. The seventh chapter of Acts ends with the note that those who stoned Stephen left their cloaks at the feet of a young man named Saul. This Saul who would later be called Paul the Apostle and become one of the greatest missionaries for the church.
Exposition of the Text
Chapter eight begins with the note that Saul was a willing accomplice to the murder of Stephen, He would soon prove himself to be a great adversary of the church. The text mentions that a great persecution of the church broke out. Up to this time, the church had remained in Jerusalem. As a result of this persecution, the believers were scattered all over the villages of Judaea and Samaria. The word for “scattered” here is similar to how the seeds of a dandelion are dispersed when one blows on it. These missionaries carried the seed of the gospel with them and proclaimed the Lord Jesus.
In Acts 1:8,, the last words Jesus said to the eleven on earth was that they were to be witness of Christ, first in Jerusalem, then in Judaea and Samaria, and then to the uttermost parts of the earth. The Book of Acts itself is written to show how this commission was carried out. The church had seemed perfectly content to remain in Jerusalem. It wasn’t until the winds of persecution blew that the believers on Jesus scattered with their message of salvation. The next step in Jesus’ plan for evangelism was put into place.
Verse three seems to be out of sequence. We would think it belongs after verse one. The wailing for Stephen and his burial by godly men would seem to follow immediately upon Stephen’s death. So why is it here? Perhaps it indicates that the start of the persecution of the church started immediately upon Stephen’s death, even before there was opportunity to bury him. When we consider that burial had to be before sunset, this means the anger against Stephen was immediately applied to the believers. Only the Apostle’s stayed behind. Perhaps their previous miraculous escapes from custody made the officials and the mob hesitant to arrest them again.
Verse three logically follows verse one. It say that Paul began to severely persecute the church with great zeal. From Paul’s own words elsewhere, he claims to have wasted the church Here it says he hunted the believers down from village to village and cast both men and women into prison. Elsewhere, it says that Paul voted the death penalty against them. Prison in Paul’s day was only a holding pen until the trial upon which punishment was meted out against those found guilty.
Perhaps by now you have wondered how the title for this sermon “Paul Sends out Missionaries” has to do with the text we just explained. You would think it out of place. It seems that a sermon by this title would fit better later in Acts or in his epistles where Paul sends out Silas or Titus, or another of his coworkers. But I intentionally chose this title for this reason. This is actually Paul’s first missionary journey. His persecution of the church caused the believers to scatter. But as we have noted, they preached the Lord Jesus wherever they went. God was using Saul to cause his message to be proclaimed as much as He later used him to actually proclaim the message. The word about Jesus went out into Judaea and Samaria. Soon it would go out to the uttermost parts of the earth, a mission that Paul would be extensively employed. One of the results of Paul’s first missionary journey as the great Samaritan revival, the account of which immediately follows this text. Paul created a great revival by making the church suffer. Later God would use Paul’s suffering to promote the gospel.