Summary: Paul gives a defense before King Agrippa.

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II. Introduction

a. Last week, if you recall, we left the Apostle Paul there in Caesarea. He was there for some two years, being held by the Roman governor, Felix, because while finding nothing worthy of death or imprisonment, he wanted to get a bribe out of the early church.

b. The church did not pay the bribe that Felix wanted, and Paul was kept there, to be brought out every once in a while to speak to Felix, and during these times, Paul reasoned with Felix and his wife Drusilla about the Christian faith.

c. The most tragic thing about Felix and his wife is that they did not make a decision for Christ, or at least we are not told that. This is a very good example of people that know the truth, people that have heard the gospel, but yet refuse to surrender their lives to Jesus Christ.

d. As I read this weeks’ passage, I thought about how differently people in authority were viewed in the ancient Middle East, as compared to our government in the United States today. In the ancient Middle East, people were fearful of their leaders, and for good reason.

e. Government officials for the most part were the ultimate authority, and could set rules and laws as they chose to see fit. Remember last week, how I told you how Felix the governor came to be removed from his office? He got angry with the Jews, and he allowed the Syrians to go through town beating and plundering the Jews.

f. Now, when Caesar heard about this, he had Felix removed, and Felix was replaced by a man named Porcius Festus. But, Felix wasn’t thrown in jail or anything, his brother was a friend of Nero, so nothing else came of this.

g. But, before this time, Felix raped and plundered the people of Israel. He was one of the most corrupt, evil men ever to rule, and this went on for some 8 years, unnoticed.

h. This would all change though, in the year 60, as Felix was recalled to Rome, and his wife Drusilla went on a vacation and a shopping trip to the ancient city of Pompeii. It was there in Pompeii that the 19 year-old Drusilla died, as Mount Vesuvius erupted, and buried the town under dirt, ash, and lava.

i. The new governor would inherit responsibility for Paul, a citizen under house arrest there in Caesarea, and he wants to find out why Paul is imprisoned, and his meeting with Paul is what we are going to look at today, as we continue our study through Acts. We now have only 3 more chapters to go. So, three more Sundays until we move into the Book of Galatians, after a year and a month in Acts.

III. Background

a. A Father was trying to teach his fifth-grade son the value of

tithes and offerings. The boy listened attentively, and then he went on to say, "I still don’t understand why you have to pay taxes."

b. To this the Father replied, "Because the Bible says we must give unto

Caesar what belongs to Caesar and unto God what belongs to

God." His son looked puzzled. "That’s what I’m trying to tell you,

Dad. Caesar died a long time ago."

c. The little boy was right Caesar died long ago, but what Caesar represented then, and still represents to us now is the ruling powers that be, or the government.

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