Summary: What a great promise… FOR US …even when we sin… even when He has to punish… GOD STILL LOVES US and God will still forgive us.
Promise and Plan
Blackness… cold silent darkness… hopeless and lifeless darkness
That is the only way to describe the condition of Palestine… the Holy Land… as the calendar changed from BC to AD.
It was a “period of silence” … God had turned away… withdrawn His messengers and did not send any revelation for 400 years.
Why? SIN! The people of God had turned a deaf ear on Him and had turned to idolatry and spiritual adultery. God had warned and warned and now God decided to stop warning.
So for 400 years… 13 generations… God’s people had cried out to God for a word, a sign, for Him to shine His face on them. And God had not.
To say it was a time of silence, that God did not speak does not mean it was an insignificant period. Many very important things happened during this time to prepare for the New Testament.
MINI HISTORY LESSON:
One nation under Saul, David and Solomon
After Solomon died, divided kingdom: Israel and Judah
Up and down spiritually, series of good and bad kings
Israel, more sinful, defeated by Assyrians in 733 BC
Judah, eventually judged, defeated by Babylonians in 587 BC
Babylon defeated by Medio-Persians
Persia defeated by Alexander the Great in 332 BC
With Alexander the Great's acquisition of the Holy Land, a new and more insidious threat to Israel emerged.
Alexander was committed to the creation of a world united by Greek language and culture, a policy followed by his successors. This policy, called Hellenization, had a dramatic impact on the Jews.
Tried to take away the Jewishness and make them like cookie-cutter clones
One language, one government, one overarching philosophy, one currency, etc
In 175 BC, Antiochus IV Epiphanes (whose title means "God made manifest") changed that when he instituted a policy of radical Hellenization.
He passed laws that made it illegal to
1 observe the Sabbath day,
2 the act of circumcision and
3 to own or possess the scripture
They were Capital Crimes… for which they could be put to death
And if that were not bad enough, around 167 B.C., he overthrew the rightful line of the priesthood and desecrated the temple, defiling it by offering a pig as a sacrifice and erecting a pagan altar to himself.
This was the religious equivalent of rape… scripture calls it the “desolation of desecration.”
The Jewish distinctives… temple worship, circumcision of the flesh, The Torah, and animal sacrifice were all taken away and Hellenistic (Greek) thinking, philosophy, education, were being forced on the Jews and they were losing their faith.
Through a revolt led by the Macabees and Roman governors courting Jewish favor… Israel got back many of the things it had lost… some political power to rule itself and a new temple in which to worship.
So the 400 year, intertestamental period, ends with the temple rebuilt and animal sacrifice restored but Judaism is watered down, politicized, and Hellenized.
The problems of Malachi’s day are still present… the people are offering polluted sacrifices.