Summary: Bible Study on the Book of Revelation
„X To reveal the full identity of Jesus Christ and to give warning and hope to all believers
„X The humble suffering servant comes as the powerful, conquering king and Judge
„X Time of rejoicing for Believers and a time of fear for enemies of Christ
„X Book of Hope for Christians suffering persecution
„X Book of warning, for the world and for the church to prepare itself
„X John the Apostle
„X An early church father, Irenaeus, states that John first settled in Ephesus, that he was later arrested and banished to the Isle of Patmos in the Agean Sea to work in the mines, and that this occurred during the reign of the Roman emperor, Domitian. This supports the author¡¦s own claim to have written from Patmos because of his witness for Christ (1:9).
To whom written
„X The seven churches in Asia Minor (Map) and all believers everywhere
„X However, this is no ordinary letter from a Christian leader to a group of churches. It is a letter from heaven, a prophetic revelation from Almighty God!
„X About 95AD
„X Rev 1:3 Blessed is the one who reads the words of this prophecy, and blessed are those who hear it and take to heart what is written in it, because the time is near.
Style of Literature
„X Written in ¡§Apocalyptic¡¨ form - a type of Jewish literature that uses symbolic language to communicate hope to those in the midst of persecution
„X As such, the literary style governs the order not necessarily chronology
„X God¡¦s Sovereignty
„X Christ¡¦s Return
„X God¡¦s faithful people
Blueprint of Book ¡V Two sections
A) Letters to the Churches (1:1-3:22), B) Message for the Church (4:1-22:21)
A. Letters to the Churches (1:1-3:22)
„X Instructions to write to the 7 churches
„X Commends them on their strengths and weaknesses
„X Written to a church then in existence
„X Some believe it is also addressed to various stages of church history
„X Message for us though is to be on guard for these problems at any time and not to be casual about our faith
1.The revelation of Jesus Christ,
„X Book unveils (apocalyptic) Jesus¡¦ full identity and God¡¦s plan for the end of the world. Jesus¡¦ second coming, his victory over evil and the establishment of his kingdom
„X Main focus is to reveal God¡¦s infinite love, power, justice, not a timetable of events
„X It is ¡§prophetic¡¨ in that it tells the future, but it also ¡§Proclaims¡¨ principles about God¡¦s character
which God gave him to show his servants what must soon take place. He made it known by sending his angel to his servant John, 2who testifies to everything he saw--that is, the word of God and the testimony of Jesus Christ.
„X As a prophet, John did not was not some psychic but simply passed on what God had showed Him
3Blessed is the one who reads the words of this prophecy, and blessed are those who hear it and take to heart what is written in it, because the time is near.
„X Should not avoid this book, otherwise we miss out on a blessing from God
„X Be always ready for Christ¡¦s return
Greetings and doxology
4John, To the seven churches in the province of Asia:
„X Letters were to be passed from church to church on the mail route connecting these 7 churches
Grace and peace to you from him who is, and who was, and who is to come, and from the seven spirits 5 before his throne, and from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness,(Truth) the firstborn from the dead, (Resurrected body) and the ruler of the kings of the earth. (King of Kings)
„X Begins with a reference to the trinity, establishing the message¡¦s authority
„X Faithful witness refers to his earthly life.
„X Firstborn from the dead points to his death and resurrection.
„X Ruler of the Kings of the earth to his future reign over all things.
6To him who loves us and has freed us from our sins by his blood, and has made us to be a kingdom and priests to serve his God and Father--to him be glory and power for ever and ever! Amen.
„X Notice what God has done for us
7Look, he is coming with the clouds, and every eye will see him, even those who pierced him; and all the peoples of the earth will mourn because of him. So shall it be! Amen.
„X Christ¡¦s return will be visible and victorious
„X How is it possible for every eye to see Him?
8"I am the Alpha and the Omega," says the Lord God, "who is, and who was, and who is to come, the Almighty."