Summary: Part 2 in a series on the beatitudes. This lesson was taught in our adult Sunday School and includes lessons on mourning which ends in comfort and meekness that results in inheriting the earth.

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Sermon on the Mount 2

Mourning and Meekness

We had a good introduction last week to the Sermon on the Mount, but this week we’re going to deal with a sizable portion of it called the Beatitudes.

This may seem very strange and even contradictory because of the use of old English, but just a little bit of study makes a lot of sense of the beatitudes.

There are 3 things that I want you to keep in mind as we look at the rest of the beatitudes.

1. Jesus is talking to new believers, new followers. These are not seasoned disciples, so we’re not necessarily looking for deeper doctrines of the existence and character of God.

a. this is not about lapsarianism or dispensations.

b. these are new believers and Jesus is teaching them

something that will be a huge encouragement, but

let’s not try to overanalyze them.

c. How many of you have ever had a deer jump out

in front of you? I get that same effect when someone

tries to read too much into a passage.

d. Jesus is not trying to produce Bible scholars at this

point, He’s trying to nurture new followers.

2. Jesus is teaching more on heart attitudes than He is on doctrines.

a. Later, as He gets into debates with the Pharisees,

He’s going to blow them away, the way He did with

the men in the temple when He was 12.

b. But for now, He wants to inspire and encourage.

3. Remember the condition these followers are in.

a. They are owned by the Roman Empire.

b. Roman citizens could demand that a Jew carry a

package for 1 mile.

c. Taxes were required at will.

d. Rome chose to use Jews to collect taxes from

other Jews. A Jew would collect a certain amount in

taxes and whatever he collected beyond that he could

keep as his salary.

This lead to Jewish tax collectors being very un-

scrupulous and taxing some of their own people into


It also lead to fractures among the Jews.

What is Jesus’ message going to be to this group of beaten, demoralized, cheated and all but hopeless followers?

Last we see Jesus telling them that they are blessed if they are “poor in spirit”, broken hearted.

Why? Because it’s those who are broken, spiritually helpless who rely on Jesus Christ for them to obtain Heaven.

What a great way to begin a message of hope and encouragement!! The biggest priority is taken care of.

Matthew 5:4-7 (KJV)

4 (KJV) Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall be comforted.

5 Blessed are the meek: for they shall inherit the earth.

6 Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness: for they shall be filled.

7 Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy.

I. They that mourn

A. Since “blessed” means “happy”, how can you be happy and mourn at the same time?

1. It a progression, just like the first “blessed”

2. It’s not really happening at the same time.

3. It’s kind of like saying, “Blessed are those who hit

rock bottom, because the only place to go is up.”

B. Remember, He’s talking to followers.

1. He’s letting them know ahead of time that you are

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