Contributed by Dan Farrell on Jul 18, 2001
So the Ark represented for Israel the localized presence of God in judgment,
mercy, forgiveness, and love; and because it contained the Ten Commandments, it was
a visible reminder that their life was to be lived in obedience to the expressed will of
The Mercy Seat was on top of the lid of the Ark of Covenant. It was described by
Martin Luther in his German Bible as the mercy seat because the Lord “sat” enthroned
over it in mercy, invisibly present where the wingtips of two cherubim met above it,
guarding the divine presence.