Summary: Luke sets the stage for the coming ministry of Jesus in this passage on the start of the ministry of John the Baptist.

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Today is the Second Sunday of Advent. We are focusing our attention during this Advent Season on one of the Scripture Readings read during Advent. And so today’s text is Luke 3:1-6.

I have spent many wonderful hours studying this remarkable passage. I wish we could spend the rest of Advent looking at this marvelous portion of God’s Word as it contains many rich truths. But, I will simply direct your attention to some of the highlights.

Let’s read Luke 3:1-6:

1 In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of the region of Ituraea and Trachonitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene, 2 during the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John the son of Zechariah in the wilderness. 3 And he went into all the region around the Jordan, proclaiming a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins. 4 As it is written in the book of the words of Isaiah the prophet,

“The voice of one crying in the wilderness:

‘Prepare the way of the Lord,

make his paths straight.

5 Every valley shall be filled,

and every mountain and hill

shall be made low,

and the crooked shall become straight,

and the rough places

shall become level ways,

6 and all flesh shall see the salvation of God.’ ”

(Luke 3:1–6)


Luke is a gifted author and historian. He sets the stage for the arrival of Jesus with a masterful economy of words and presentation of details.

Luke begins his Gospel alternating events between John the Baptist and Jesus the Messiah (who is John’s cousin). So, after his prefatory dedication to Theophilus (1:1-4), Luke writes about the prediction of John’s birth (1:5-25), and then about the prediction of Jesus’ birth (1:26-38).

After Jesus’ mother Mary’s visits John’s mother Elizabeth (1:39-56), Luke tells about John’s birth (1:57), and then about Jesus’ birth (2:1-7).

After the account of John’s birth, Luke says about John, “And the child grew and became strong in spirit, and he was in the wilderness until the day of his public appearance to Israel” (1:80). And after the account of Jesus’ birth, Luke says about Jesus, “And Jesus increased in wisdom and in stature and in favor with God and man” (2:52).

Then Luke introduces the public ministry of each cousin. John and Jesus undoubtedly knew each other. It is likely that they visited each other, as cousins often do. It is likely that John knew that Jesus was sent from God, and that Jesus knew that John was to be the last and greatest prophet in Israel. So, Luke introduces the ministry of John (3:1-22), and then introduces the ministry of Jesus (4:14-15).


In today’s text Luke introduces the ministry of John the Baptist. John the Baptist is really setting the stage for Jesus. Because Luke is a careful historian, he wants to set the scenery on the stage before Jesus steps onto center stage. With just a few words Luke paints a masterful tapestry that sets the stage for Jesus’ ministry.

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