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Summary: The martyrs cried, “Avenge us!” but the unbelievers on earth will cry, “Hide us!” The opening of the “sixth seal” will produce worldwide convulsions and catastrophes, including the first of three “great earthquakes."

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By: Tom Lowe Date: 11/17/2015

Title: (19) Sixth Seal: Cataclysmic Disturbances (Revelation 6:12-17)

Revelation 6:12-17 (KJV)

12 And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, lo, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood;

13 And the stars of heaven fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind.

14 And the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled together; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places.

15 And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every bondman, and every free man, hid themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains;

16 And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb:

17 For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand?

Introduction

Verses 12-14. The opening of “the sixth seal” precipitates a series of ominous cosmic phenomena: first, “a great earthquake”; then “the sun became black”; the “moon” turned to “blood”; the “stars fell” to “earth” like “figs” in a storm (v. 13); the sky vanished as if it was rolled up like a “scroll” (v. 14; compare 21:1) and every “mountain and island” was moved from its position (v. 14: compare 16:18). Earthquakes were a common occurrence both in Asia Minor and in Revelation (compare 8:5; 11:13, 19; 16:18). A number of these same omens precede the day of the Lord in Joel 2:10 . . .

“The earth shall quake before them;

the heavens shall tremble:

the sun and the moon shall be dark,

and the stars shall withdraw their shining.”

The falling of the “stars” like figs and the rolling up of the heavens “like a scroll” were predicted in Isaiah 34:4— “And all the host of heaven shall be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll: and all their host shall fall down, as the leaf falleth off from the vine, and as a falling fig from the fig tree.” These cosmic disturbances, both celestial and terrestrial, are a sure sign that the end of this age is drawing close, and that the martyrs will soon be avenged for their sufferings.

Verses 15-17. These terrible signs on earth and in heaven cause all people on earth, from the highest to the lowest, both free and slave, to be filled with great fear. In their fright they vainly seek safety by fleeing to the “caves” and “rocks of the mountains, calling to the mountains” to fall on them so as to hide them from the “face” of God and the “wrath of the Lamb.” They realize that “the great day of their wrath,” which no one can withstand or escape, has arrived.

Commentary

12 And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, lo, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood;

The martyrs cried, “Avenge us!” but the unbelievers on earth will cry, “Hide us!” The opening of the “sixth seal” will produce worldwide convulsions and catastrophes, including the first of three “great earthquakes” (Revelation 6:12; 11:13; 16:18-19). All of nature will be affected: the “sun, moon, and stars,” as well as the heavens, the mountains, and the islands. Compare this scene with Joel 2:30-31 and 3:15 as well as with Isaiah 13:9-10 and 34:2-4.


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