Summary: This is a study in Ephesians 1:3-14 and talks about the Spiritual blessings we have in Christ Jesus.
SPIRITUAL BLESSING IN CHRIST
A. The Work of the Triune God on behalf of the believer.
1. The work of God the Father (vv 3-6)
As an opera has an overture which sets the tone for all the melodies that follow, so Ephesians 1:3-14 sets the tone for the rest of Ephesians.
Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ: Paul calls for a blessing upon the Father (in the sense of recognizing His glory and honor and goodness), because the Father has already blessed the believer with every spiritual blessing (who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing).
Who has blessed us: This blessing is ours; God’s resources are there for us in our time of need. But these blessings are ours in the heavenly places in Christ.
Philippians 4:19 says, “And my God will supply all your needs according to His glorious riches in Christ Jesus.”
This is where Ephesians wants to take us - into the heavenly places in Christ; to show us the treasure of riches and blessings that are for us there.
For He chose us in Him: Our possession of every spiritual blessing is as certain as our being chosen by Him, and chosen before the foundation of the world.
Believers are chosen by God, and they are chosen before they have done anything or have been anything for God.
Jesus said in John 15:16, “You did not choose me, but I chose you and appointed you to go and bear fruit - fruit that will last. Then the Father will give you whatever you ask in my name.”
We are chosen in Him. "For if we are chosen in Christ, it is outside ourselves. It is not from the sight of our deserving, but because our heavenly Father has engrafted us, through the blessing of adoption, into the Body of Christ. In short, the name of Christ excludes all merit, and everything which men have of themselves." (Calvin)
In Roman law, when the adoption was complete it was complete indeed. The person who had been adopted had all the rights of a legitimate son in his new family and completely lost all rights in his old family. In the eyes of the law he was a new person. In the same way when a person comes to Christ his redemption is complete. 2 Corinthians 5:17 says, “If any man be in Christ he is a new creature; old things are passed away; behold all things are made new.”
To be holy and blameless in his sight. We are chosen not only for salvation, but for holiness.
1 Peter 1:15,16 says, “But just as he who called you is holy, so be holy in all you do; for it is written: “Be holy, because I am holy.”
1 Peter 2:9 says, “But you are a chosen people, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people belonging to God, that you may declare the praises of him who called you out of darkness into his wonderful light.”
We are chosen according to His good pleasure. Ephesians 1:5 says, “In love he predestined us to be adopted as his sons through Jesus Christ, in accordance with His pleasure and will.”
It says that we are adopted as his sons. Galatians 4:6-7 says, “Because you are sons, God sent the Spirit of His Son into your hearts, the Spirit who calls out “Abba, Father”. So you are no longer a slave, but a son; and since you are a son, God has made you an heir.”
Romans 8:14-17 says, “because those who are led by the Spirit of God are sons of God. For you did not receive a spirit that makes you a slave again to fear, but you received the Spirit of sonship. And by him we cry, “Abba Father.” The spirit himself testifies with our spirit that we are God’s children. Now if we are children, then we are heirs - heirs of God and co-heirs with Christ..”
2. The work of God the Son (vv7-8)
A. In Him we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins.
There is no possible redemption outside of Jesus and His redeeming blood.
Redemption always implies a price being paid for the freedom that is purchased; here the price is His blood.
Jesus does not redeem us by His sinless life or His moral example, but only by His death in our place - by His blood. The redemption and forgiveness that is given to us comes according to the measure of the riches of His grace. It is not a "small" redemption or forgiveness won by Jesus on the cross.
Hebrews 9:22 says, “In fact, the law requires that nearly everything be cleansed with blood, and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness.”