Summary: Christ is the Servant King
The Sunday before the first Sunday in Advent is known as either Christ the King, the Reign of Christ, or the very prosaic Sunday next before Advent. When I was growing up it was also known as ‘Stir-up Sunday’, because in the Anglican tradition the collect appointed for the Sunday next before Advent is the rather wonderful:
"Stir up, O Lord, the wills of your faithful people; that they, plenteously bringing forth the fruit of good works, may by you be plenteously rewarded; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen." (Common Worship)
Christ the King. What sort of ideas does that provoke in your mind? We’ve had a royal sort of week, with the announcement of the engagement of young William Wales. An event like that tends to make us think about things royal. When we think of kings we think about power, wealth, prestige, status and adoration. The Queen tends to play down such things these days, but that is what the institution is all about. Monarchies are systems in which power trickles down from the top - the Queen gives power to the parliament, which gives power to official organs of government, which empowers officials, who do things to people. Republics are supposed to be different, power coming from the people and being delegated to office bearers, but in reality they differ little from monarchies. I have mused that the idea of Christ the King is attractive to the institutional church because then the ‘trickle down’ idea of power can be made explicit. Christ is the King, power flows to bishops, and from them to priests and deacons, finally being permitted to the laity under certain circumstances provided they have a licence. How different this is to the sort of king Jesus actually is, which also says a lot about the sort of kingdom the Kingdom of God actually is.
"When they came to the place that is called The Skull, they crucified Jesus there with the criminals, one on his right and one on his left. Then Jesus said, “Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing.” And they cast lots to divide his clothing. And the people stood by, watching; but the leaders scoffed at him, saying, “He saved others; let him save himself if he is the Messiah of God, his chosen one!” The soldiers also mocked him, coming up and offering him sour wine, and saying, “If you are the King of the Jews, save yourself!” There was also an inscription over him, “This is the King of the Jews.”
One of the criminals who were hanged there kept deriding him and saying, “Are you not the Messiah? Save yourself and us!” But the other rebuked him, saying, “Do you not fear God, since you are under the same sentence of condemnation? And we indeed have been condemned justly, for we are getting what we deserve for our deeds, but this man has done nothing wrong.” Then he said, “Jesus, remember me when you come into your kingdom.” He replied, “Truly I tell you, today you will be with me in Paradise.” (Luke 23:33-43 NRSV)