Summary: This is a study of chapter 12 in the book of Revelation. This is a controversial subject but takes a conservative approach to understanding the book.
Note: I used many sources to study this book, one of my favorites is Revelation: God’s Word for the Biblically-Inept by Daymond Duck and some out of different study bibles.
Title: The coming battle
Theme: To show God's triumph
Text: Rev 12:1-17
1 And there appeared a great wonder in heaven; a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars:
Four women of Revelation
1) Jezebel in Rev 2:20 probably a symbol of the papal system
2) the great whore 17:1-apostate religious system
3) the wife-19:7-the church
4) woman-Rev 12:1
Who is the woman?
1) virgin Mary
2) the church-problem is that she gives birth to Christ so how could this be the church
3) early beginnings of Israel-Is 9:6; 66:7-8; Micah 5:2
And he dreamed yet another dream, and told it his brethren, and said, Behold, I have dreamed a dream more; and, behold, the sun and the moon and the eleven stars made obeisance to me. (Genesis 37:9 AV)
the woman may seem sometimes to get the short end of the stick from the scripture perspective but in reality she is exhalted and lifted up she is to be the one to carry the savior.
2 And she being with child cried, travailing in birth, and pained to be delivered.
Here we see the plight of this woman who is a mother.
Israel was persecuted and still is persecuted. There is no race of people that has ever been persecuted as much as the Israelites. Before the birth of Jesus Israel was under captivity of the Roman people. It would be many years before they were again a free nation. 1948
I believe it can also symbolically represent the pains of Israel with the sacrificial system. It would do them no good. They still had to sacrifice the animals until Christ came and made a New Covenant. One day they will truly realize it.
3 And there appeared another wonder in heaven; and behold a great red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns, and seven crowns upon his heads.
great-Satan is great, some people underestimate him but he is great
red-the multitudes of blood that is on his hand
seven-Satan was made perfect seven heads-(Rev 17:10) some say it is the seven great kingdoms but also could represent wise, craftiness
horns-sign of power (1 Sam 2:1; Zech 1:18-21; Dan 7:7-8,24-25; Rev 13,17:3,12-16)
ten is the number of universality-an accomplishment that is tring to be reached even until this day, we will soon see the rulership of 10 kingdoms who hand over their reign to the Anti-Christ.
7 gentile world governments
7) The current European Community
4 And his tail drew the third part of the stars of heaven, and did cast them to the earth: and the dragon stood before the woman which was ready to be delivered, for to devour her child as soon as it was born.
Here we see his goal is to devor the child. To take and kill him. Did he try to accomplish this? He used a king-King Herod, a crowd, the Roman government
Satan has tried to kill Jesus many times and or destroy his mission
1) His birth when Herod authorized the killing of children 2 and under.
2) Trying to get him to bow down
3) tried through peter to get him to bypass the cross
4) during his prayer at Mt. Olives when he needed angels to comfort him
5) On the cross when he was mocked by many to come down off the cross
6) Even the thieves did this
5 And she brought forth a man child, who was to rule all nations with a rod of iron: and her child was caught up unto God, and to his throne.
Here we see a better look as to the identify of this man child.
I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee. Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession. Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel. (Psalms 2:7-9 AV)
And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God. (Revelation 19:15 AV)
other-Ps 8, Daniel 7:13-14
Notice there is not much history given here. Actually in dealing with the Israelites they did not believe he was the Christ. But they will soon know