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Summary: To show the glory of the New Covenant God has made with us.

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Title: That Was Then This Is Now

Text: Hebrews 9-10

Theme: To show the glory of the New Covenant God has made with us.

Introduction: What is a Covenant? It is an agreement between two. Marriage is a covenant. Tonight we want to focus on Hebrews 9-10 to see the glorious agreement God has made with us. JUST WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO BE A PART OF THE NEW COVENANT?

1. Characteristics of the 1st or Old Covenant

a. The old covenant was PHYSICAL.

i. Hebrews 9:1-5 "The first agreement had rules for worship and a man-made place for worship. {2} The Holy Tent was set up for this. The first area in the Tent was called the Holy Place. In it were the lamp and the table with the bread that was made holy for God. {3} Behind the second curtain was a room called the Most Holy Place. {4} In it was a golden altar for burning incense and the Ark covered with gold that held the old agreement. Inside this Ark was a golden jar of manna, Aaron’s rod that once grew leaves, and the stone tablets of the old agreement. {5} Above the Ark were the creatures that showed God’s glory, whose wings reached over the lid. But we cannot tell everything about these things now."

(1) The tabernacle itself was a real tent.

(2) The Articles in the tent; lamps, tables, real gold.

(3) Curtains, the Ark, the blood.

(4) Everything in it was man-made or earthly.

b. The old covenant was RESTRICTIVE.

i. Hebrews 9:6-7 "When everything in the Tent was made ready in this way, the priests went into the first room every day to worship. {7} But only the high priest could go into the second room, and he did that only once a year. He could never enter the inner room without taking blood with him, which he offered to God for himself and for sins the people did without knowing they did them."

(1) THE PRIEST went in to worship, not the people.

(2) Only the HIGH PRIEST went into the Most Holy Place to offer sacrifice for the sins of the people. Only once a year.

(a) This was a covenant of special or little access by the people.

c. The old covenant was IMPERSONAL.

i. Hebrews 9:7 “which he offered to God for himself and for sins the people did without knowing they did them."

(1) They did not offer this sacrifice for themselves.

(2) They weren’t even allowed to be in the Most Holy Place. Hebrews 9:8 "The Holy Spirit uses this to show that the way into the Most Holy Place was not open while the system of the old Holy Tent was still being used."

d. The old covenant was IMPERFECT.

i. Hebrews 9:9-10 "...the gifts and sacrifices offered cannot make the conscience of the worshiper perfect. {10} These gifts and sacrifices were only about food and drink and special washings. They were rules for the body, to be followed until the time of God’s new way."

(1) The last phrase especially shows the temporary nature of the Old covenant.

(2) The old covenant could not do what would ultimately have to be done in order to save men. It could not get rid of the sin problem.

2. Characteristics of the 2nd or New Covenant!!

a. The new covenant is SPIRITUAL.

i. Hebrews 9:11 "But when Christ came as the high priest of the good things we now have, he entered the greater and more perfect tent. It is not made by humans and does not belong to this world."


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