Summary: The cross was planned by the Father and brought satisfaction to Christ.

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The suffering of the Servant proves that God loves us.

1. The cross was PLANNED by the Father.

Yet it was the will of the LORD to crush him; he has put him to grief (v. 10a).

ILLUSTRATION: Parent sacrificing a child for the good of others.

“I will put enmity between you [Satan] and the woman, and between your offspring and her offspring; he shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise his heel” (Genesis 3:15).

This prophecy is sometimes called the protoevangelium, which means “first gospel.” Many Christians believe the reference to “her Seed” looks beyond Adam and Eve to Mary and Jesus. The seed of the woman (Jesus) would crush the head of Satan. (“You’ll do something bad to Him, but He’ll do something worse to you!”)

“Was it not necessary that the Christ should suffer these things and enter into his glory?” (Luke 24:26; cf. vv. 25, 27-28).

“This Jesus, delivered up according to the definite plan and foreknowledge of God, you crucified and killed by the hands of lawless men” (Acts 2:23).

The Servant (Jesus) was seen as a failure. His life ended in crucifixion. But verse 10 says He will have many descendents (“he shall see his offspring”); He will live a long life (“he shall prolong his days”); and He will accomplish God’s plan for His life (“the will of the LORD shall prosper in his hand”). How does this make any sense?

2. The cross brought SATISFIACTION to Christ.

Out of the anguish of his soul he shall see and be satisfied (v. 11a).

The sacrifice of Christ was for God’s glory and our good.

Six reasons why Jesus died for us:

• He died to act as our SUBSTITUTE.

He bore the sin of many (v. 12).

• He died to act as our MEDIATOR.

[He] makes intercession for the transgressors (v. 12).

• He died to make us INNOCENT before God.

By his knowledge shall the righteous one, my servant, make many to be accounted righteous (v. 11).

• He died to make us CHILDREN of God.

He shall see his offspring (v. 10).

• He died to conquer DEATH for us.

He shall prolong his days (v. 10).

The apostle Paul may have been thinking of Isaiah 53 when he wrote, “I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received: that Christ died for our sins in accordance with the Scriptures, that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day in accordance with the Scriptures” (1 Corinthians 15:3-4).

• He died to share His VICTORY with us.

Therefore I will divide him a portion with the many, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong (v. 12).

“Therefore” reminds us of the “therefore” in Philippians 2:9: “Therefore God has highly exalted him.” In Isaiah 53, Jesus is “a lamb that is led to the slaughter” (v. 7). But in the book of Revelation, He is the Lamb on the throne of heaven (5:6).

The imagery is that of a conqueror sharing his victory with his allies.

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