Summary: Abraham illustrates Paul’s belief in salvation by faith.
Did you have any childhood heroes?
Who were they?
What was it about them that made them a hero to you?
One of my heroes was Captain James T Kirk of the starship Enterprise. It was his ability to command and direct that fascinated me.
Heroes are human examples of what we value in life. What about faith?
Today – Paul illustrates a point that he has already made – that we are saved, made right with God by faith – in highlighting a ‘hero’ to the Jewish believers – Abraham. In doing so, Paul puts a “face on faith.”
2 weeks ago – we read Romans 3:21 and 22 “But now God has shown us a different way of being right in his sight . . . when we trust in Jesus Christ to take away our sins.” We are saved, made right with God, not on the basis of the religious law that many of Paul’s audience had been taught was the way to God, but on the basis of faith and trust in Jesus Christ alone.
Paul concludes his thoughts in chapter 3 by declaring in verse 30 “There is only one God, and there is only one way of being accepted by him. He makes people right with himself only by faith, whether they are Jews or Gentiles.”
Now Paul has spent quite a bit of time focusing on the issue of law vs. faith. Most of it has been a closely reasoned argument. But, now in chapter four, Paul puts a human face on his argument – Abraham.
A. Abraham and the question of being saved by faith. 4:1-5.
1. Abraham – the human founder of the Jewish nation.
2. Highly respected. Highly revered.
3. A man of great faith and a hero to many.
4. What were his experiences of being saved by faith? 4:1b
5. This is an important question to ask because of our human tendency to hero worship and Abraham was hero-worshipped.
Focus Point – While we need faith heroes we must avoid the tendency to look at the hero not the God of the hero! Our faith heroes will let us down. Our salvation is not based on those we admire but on the God who made it all possible.
Transition: So Paul brings before his audience a faith hero and asks about his experiences of being saved by faith. In doing so, he brings up and important point – pride.
B. The law can lead to boasting – to pride. 4:2
1. As we can recall in the gospel accounts, especially the story of the Pharisee and the Tax Collector in Luke 18:9 – 14, a constant problem that Jesus dealt with was a pride that was based on boasting about what one does to earn favor and forgiveness with God.
2. Paul addresses the same issue here. In 4:2 we read, “Was it because of his good deeds that God accepted him? If so, he would have had something to boast about. But, from God’s point of view Abraham had no basis at all for pride.”
Focus Point: Pride is a problem. We can become very prideful in our faith. We can take pride in our place of ministry. We can take pride in our personal church history. We can take pride that we are members of this church. We can easily start boasting that “I did this and I did that.” And this boasting can make us hard to live with and easy to dislike.
C. Salvation – A Wage or A Gift? 4:4 – 4:5