Summary: This wedding is a picture of another wedding that is coming. Jesus began His ministry at a wedding and He will end it at another wedding. At the Marriage Supper of the Lamb, the Church will be presented to Him as a bride.
Harmony of the Gospels
Cana of Galilee
The First Miracle
In the eleventh verse of this chapter it says, “This beginning of miracles did Jesus.” From this we know that this was His first miracle.
And the third day there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee; and the mother of Jesus was there: and both Jesus was called, and his disciples, to the Marriage. (John2:1-2)
Many Bible teachers believe that Mary was there because she was related to the bride, groom or to one of the family members. This is superstition, but it could be true. The Lord Jesus and His disciples were also invited. It is usually said that the event being described took place in the year AD 27, probably in late February or early March. The location is in the city of Cana, in Galilee.
And when they wanted wine, the mother of Jesus saith unto him, They have no wine. (John 2:3)
In Jesus day, wine was a staple article of diet. However, drunkenness was looked down on. To be drunk in public was a disgrace. A wedding was a religious occasion and there would have been no thought of drunkenness being connected with it.
This wedding is a picture of another wedding that is coming. Jesus began His ministry at a wedding and He will end it at another wedding. At the Marriage Supper of the Lamb, the Church will be presented to Him as a bride.
This is Jesus first miracle. Moses first miracle was to turn water into blood. Jesus turned water into wine. Moses gave the law, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ. What a contrast!
What did Mary mean by her statement? There are several possibilities. It could have been a gentle hint for Jesus and His disciples to move on. It could have been a suggestion for Him to occupy the guests with a discourse. I don’t believe that either explanation is correct, given the context. I believe Mary was saying, “This is the time to perform a miracle.” This was a poor family. They just didn’t have enough refreshments to go around. It was very embarrassing for them to run out of wine.
Jesus saith unto her, Woman, what have I to do with thee? My hour is not yet come. (John 2:4)
His hour did come. The resurrection proved that He was the Son of God and it also proved His virgin birth. That was important to Mary, because I am sure that she, at some point, told the disciples and others of the events that surrounded His birth. He was virgin born, but she could not prove it, until He rose from the dead, so until that occurred she lived in a shadow of doubt. Perhaps she thought that if He performed a miracle at the wedding, it would demonstrate who He was and help clear her name.
His mother saith unto the servants, Whatsoever he saith unto you, do it. (John 2:5)
This would be good advice for you and me. We should do what Jesus has commanded us to do through the word of God. Nothing would be wrong with that.
And there were set there six water pots of stone, after the manner of the purifying of the Jews, containing two or three firkins apiece. Jesus saith unto them, Fill the water pots with water. And they were filled up to the brim. (John 2:6-7)