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Summary: The Sheep, the Shepherd and the Sheep Pen

John 10:1-16 (quickview) 

Key verse is 11:

I am the Good Shephard.

In the Parable we find three themes

1. The sheep

2. The Good shepherd and

3. The Sheep Pen

1. The Sheep

We are the sheep. We see this is the parable of the Lost Sheep in Luke 15 (quickview) , 17

Read Luke 15 (quickview) . 17

Look at the reaction of the Good Shephard

3Then Jesus told them this parable: 4"Suppose one of you has a hundred sheep and loses one of them. Does he not leave the ninety-nine in the open country and go after the lost sheep until he finds it? 5And when he finds it, he joyfully puts it on his shoulders 6and goes home. Then he calls his friends and neighbors together and says, `Rejoice with me; I have found my lost sheep. 7I tell you that in the same way there will be more rejoicing in heaven over one sinner who repents than over ninety-nine righteous persons who do not need to repent.

We are lost sheep until we come to Christ. And the 99 Righteous ones were perhaps like the Pharisees of Luke 18 (quickview)  v.11 in the Parable of the Pharisee and Tax Gatherer where the Pharisee says:

9To some who were confident of their own righteousness and looked down on everybody else, Jesus told this parable: 10"Two men went up to the temple to pray, one a Pharisee and the other a tax collector. 11The Pharisee stood up and prayed about himself: `God, I thank you that I am not like other men--robbers, evildoers, adulterers--or even like this tax collector. 12I fast twice a week and give a tenth of all I get.13"But the tax collector stood at a distance. He would not even look up to heaven, but beat his breast and said, `God, have mercy on me, a sinner.

14"I tell you that this man, rather than the other, went home justified before God. For everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles himself will be exalted."

Jesus said that it was the Tax Gatherer who goes home justified

People in our society don’t believe in confessing sins: cf 1 Jn 1:9&10

The key point is that the lost sheep was found. I think this is tied in with confession of sin.

We have three things in common with sheep:

1. Sheep follow the crowd and don’t think of the consequences.

2. Sheep can be pretty stubborn. There is a leader and there is a tail -ender.

3. When a sheep trusts someone, it follows him without thinking Think of the Sects today.

We have similar properties don’t we? In response to the robber and the Lord?

2. The Good Shephard : What did Jesus mean by I am the Good Shephard?

This is one of the famous "I am of John’s Gospel:

(NB I am being the name that God gave of himself to Moses when Moses asked his name - Ex 3:14)

in John. 10. 9 : I am the Door

in John. 11.25 : I am the Resurrection and the Life

in John. 12.46 : I am the Light of the World

in John. 14.6 : I am the Way the Truth and the Life

in John 6:35 (quickview) : I am the Bread of Life

in John 15:1 (quickview) : I am the True Vine

These tell us a lot about Christ. If we said it it would sound arrogant but it does not in Christ’s mouth

What did he mean when he said I am the Good Shephard?

The key is in verse. 10

I am come that you may have life and have it in abundance.


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