Summary: Paul show the church that we are free from the Law.
The first two chapters Paul defended the Gospel of Grace, in the next two he explained how grace came by faith not by the Law and now he will show how to apply this Gospel of Grace in the last two chapters.
The Gospel of Grace Applied 5:1 6:18
A. Position of Liberty: Stand Fast 5:1 12
1 It was for freedom that Christ set us free; therefore keep standing firm and do not be
subject again to a yoke of slavery.
2 Behold 1, Paul, say to you that if you receive circumcision, Christ will be of no benefit
3 And I testify again to every man who receives circumcision,, that he is under obligation
to keep the whole Law.
4 You have been severed from Christ, you who are seeking to be justified by law; you
have fallen from grace.
5 For we through the Spirit, by faith, are waiting for the hope of righteousness.
6 For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision means anything, but faith
working through love.
We are freed from the slavery of the Law and have the assurance of salvation in Christ. Why would we want to go back to the lack of assurance and slavery? We would lose the Grace that God gave us through Christ and a good definition of Grace is; the free and eternal love, favor and mercy of God, which is bestowed upon all those who by faith take His Son Jesus Christ as their Savior. Paul when goes on in verses 7 12 to condemn those that teach a wrong message.
7 You were running well; who hindered you from obeying the truth?
8 This persuasion did not come from Him who calls you.
9 A little leaven leavens the whole lump of dough.
10 1 have confidence in you in the Lord that you will adopt no other view; but the one who is disturbing you will bear his judgment, whoever he is.
11 But 1, brethren, if I still preach circumcision, why am I still persecuted? Then the stumbling block of the cross has been abolished.
12 I wish that those who are troubling you would even mutilate themselves.
James also gave a condemnation to those who taught a wrong message.
1 Let not many of you become teachers, my brethren, knowing that as such we will incur a stricter judgment.
B. Practice of Liberty: Love One Another 5:13 15
13 For you were called to freedom, brethren; only do not turn your freedom into an opportunity for the flesh, but through love serve one another.
14 For the whole Law is fulfilled in one word, in the statement, "YOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF."
15 But if you bite and devour one another, take care that you are not consumed by one another.
36 "Teacher, which is the great commandment in the Law?"
37 And He said to him, ""YOU SHALL LOVE THE LORD YOUR GOD WITH ALL YOUR HEART, AND WITH ALL YOUR SOUL, AND WITH ALL YOUR MIND.’
38 "This is the great and foremost commandment.
39 "The second is like it, "YOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF.’ 40 "On these two commandments depend the whole Law and the Prophets."
The Old Testament is a book of Law and the New Testament is the book of Love. We are slaves if we follow the Law, because we can not keep the whole Law and the Law says if we stumble on one of the Laws we have broken the whole Law.