Summary: In this lesson we examine the ministry of John the Baptist and look at what constitutes a faithful ministry.
The first two chapters of Luke’s Gospel deal with the birth narratives of John the Baptist and his relative, Jesus Christ. Throughout these two chapters Luke has intentionally set John and Jesus side by side each other.
As chapter 3 of Luke’s Gospel opens, Luke continued to set John and Jesus side by side as he described the beginning of their public ministries. And except for one brief incident about John in Luke 7:18-23 (quickview) , he disappears from Luke’s Gospel after chapter 3. The reason is that Luke wanted to focus exclusively on the person and work of Jesus from chapter 4 onwards. However, in chapter 3 John and Jesus are still connected together as they each began their public ministries.
For thirty years John and Jesus had lived in private, out of the public eye. John lived “in the wilderness until the day of his public appearance to Israel” (1:80). And after his brief public appearance at the age of twelve at the temple in Jerusalem, Je-sus lived in the small, isolated village of Nazareth, where he “was submissive” to his parents (2:51).
Very few people at that time knew the true identities of John or Jesus. And of those few, Zechariah, Elizabeth, Simeon, Anna, and Joseph, had most likely already died.
The angels who had announced the births of John and Je-sus to so many different individuals had long since gone to heaven. But the thirty years of silence was about to end. And the beginning of the ministry of John the Baptist would end an even longer period of silence—the four hundred years since God last spoke to his people through the prophet Malachi (in about 430 BC). God promised to send a deliverer (called the Messiah) who would come to rescue his people (Malachi 3:1 (quickview) ). Moreover, God also promised that he would send a Messenger who would prepare the way for the Messiah. Jesus, of course, was the Messiah, and John was the Messenger.
It is important to keep in mind that as John and Jesus were about to begin their ministries, Israel was suffering under political and spiritual oppression. God’s covenant people were under the repressive political and military rule of the Roman Empire. Furthermore, Israel’s spiritual leaders were corrupt and wicked. There was widespread biblical ignorance and apostasy. The people longed for political and military freedom, which they hoped that God’s Messiah would bring them.
It was in this setting that the Messenger, John, the first prophet in more than four hundred years, appeared to introduce the Messiah, Jesus. John’s task was to prepare the people for the Messiah, and also to present the Messiah to the people.
1 In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of the region of Ituraea and Trachonitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene, 2 during the high priesthood of Annas and Caia-phas, the word of God came to John the son of Zechariah in the wilderness. 3 And he went into all the region around the Jordan, proclaiming a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins. 4 As it is written in the book of the words of Isaiah the prophet,