Summary: Grace is fair, but it’s not deserved.

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Now the tax collectors and “sinners” were all gathering around to hear him. But the Pharisees and the teachers of the law muttered, “This man welcomes sinners and eats with them” (Luke 15:1-2).

There are three main characters in the parable of the prodigal son: the younger brother, the older brother, and the father.

· The younger son pictures repentant SINNERS (like the tax collectors and “sinners”).

· The older son pictures SELF-RIGHTEOUS people (like the Pharisees and the teachers of the law).

· The father pictures GOD.


In the story of the prodigal son we see a picture of spiritual conversion:

· The prodigal son turned from the DISTANT COUNTRY to his FATHER.

“Not long after that, the younger son got together all he had, set off for a distant country and there squandered his wealth with wild living” (v. 13).

“‘I will set out and go back to my father…’” (v. 18).

· Conversion is a turning from SIN to CHRIST.

(1) Turning from sin is REPENTANCE.

“Repentance is a heartfelt sorrow for sin, a renouncing of it, and a sincere commitment to forsake it and walk in obedience to Christ.” (Wayne Grudem, Systematic Theology, 713)

ILLUSTRATION: Often a murderer does not show sorrow until after he is declared guilty. That’s not repentance.

(2) Turning to Christ is FAITH.

OBJECT LESSON: Repentance and faith are two sides of the same coin. Heads = sin. Tails = Christ.


The two sons represent two kinds of sinners:

· The younger son represents IMMORAL, BLATANT sinners.

· The older son represents MORAL, HYPOCRITICAL sinners.

“But he answered his father, ‘Look! All these years I’ve been slaving for you and never disobeyed your orders. Yet you never gave me even a young goat so I could celebrate with my friends” (v. 29).

Both sons were rebels.

People like the older son don’t think they need to repent.


When the younger son returned home, the father and elder son responded in opposite ways:

· The father was filled with COMPASSION and JOY.

“But while he was still along way off, his father saw him and was filled with compassion for him; he ran to his son, threw his arms around him and kissed him” (v. 20).

· The older son was filled with CONDEMNATION and ANGER.

“The older brother became angry and refused to go in. So his father went out and pleaded with him” (v. 28).

“‘But when this son of yours who has squandered your property with prostitutes comes home, you kill the fattened calf for him!’” (v. 30).

Celebrating the repentance of sinners—no matter what they’ve done—is not only appropriate, it’s necessary.

“‘But we had to celebrate and be glad, because this brother of yours was dead and is alive again; he was lost and is found’” (v. 32).

The story leaves us hanging. We aren’t told what the elder son does. What would you do if you were in the older brother’s shoes? Would you join the party or stay outside?

Don’t answer too quickly. The prodigal son is supposed to represent the worst of sinners. Think about someone like that. Do you think God should show compassion to that kind of person? Do you think God should rejoice when that kind of person repents?

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