Summary: The Passover Lamb and it’s antitype -- Jesus.
I The Birth of a New Nation (Ex. 12:1-2)
A. Passover month was to be the 1st month of this new nation.
1. Later the Jews had two calenders: the ecclesiastical year and the civil year.
II Israelite’s Passover Lamb (12:3,6-7,12-14)
A. The Passover lamb took the place of the firstborn.
B. The Passover lamb had to be
1. without blemish
2. Male, and
4. It had to be examined (four days from the selection to the sacrifice) and
5. It had to be slain in public.
6. None of its bones were to be broken. Finally
7. Its blood on the Israelites’ doorposts was a sign that God should pass over and not destroy that family’s first-born (12:3-13, 46; Num. 9:12).
III Christian’s Passover Lamb
A. What is a type? (Divinely ordained parallel between a person, or event. It’s antitype it the fulfillment.)
1. Who fulfills most Biblical types?
B. Jesus shed his blood on the cross so that we did not have to die.
1. Right at the beginning of Jesus’ ministry, John the Baptist prophetically announced that Jesus was “the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world’ (Jn. 1:29).
2. Paul wrote that “Christ, our Passover, was sacrificed for us” (1 Cor. 5:7).
3. Peter identified Jesus as the “lamb without blemish and without spot” (1 Pet. 1:19).
C. Jesus died much the same way the lambs where to be slaughtered.
1. Jesus was sinless and perfect. In His humanity, He was both
2. Male, and
3. Somewhat young when He was slain.
4. He lived a meticulously examined life.
5. He died publicly, and despite the brutality of His death,
6. None of His bones were broken (Jn. 19:36).
7. Jesus’ blood is the sign of Jesus’ death.
D. Scripture speaks a lot of the work of the blood of Jesus. Review: Eph. 2:13; Rom. 3:25; 1 Pet. 1:18,19; Rom. 5:9; 1 Jn. 1:7; Eph. 1:7;
IV Other Types
A. In Remembrance of Deliverance (Exodus 12:14-20)
1. What do we do in remembrance of the death of Christ. (Matt. 26:28)
V Conclusion (12:29-33)
A. Number of Israelites as given is “six hundred thousand…men.” + women + children +“mixed multitude,”
B. Length of time the Israelite people lived in Egypt was 430 years.
C. Moses gave the instructions the people followed.
D. They awaited and trusted God.
E. The Egyptians gave to the Jews what ever they asked.
Some notes were taken from
Explorer’s Bible Study: Early History of Israel Lesson 5: The Passover Exodus 12
Thomas Nelson. Nelson Study Bible (Thomas Nelson, Inc. 1997), 118.