Summary: In Soteriology we must look at the Savior and His Salvation.
I. The Savior - Of course there are two basic element of Soteriology - the Savior and the Salvation.
A. The Savior's seven Positions.
1. The eternal Position.
Were talking about the pre-incarnation of Jesus Christ. As to His eternal Person He is equal to the Father and the Spirit. Under this we find Him in the O.T. as "The Angel of Jehovah." These are called theophanies.
Gen. 16:7-12; 181-33; 28:12-25; 32:24-30/Ex.3:2-22/Num.22:22-35/Jud.6:12-21; 13:3-22/2 Sam.24:16-17/etc.
The various N.T. passages include: Jn. 1:1-4; 17:5/Col.1:16-17/Heb.13:8.
2. The Incarnation.
He took human nature, not for a time, but forever.
Jn. 1:14/Heb.2/Phil.2:5-9/I Tim. 2:5/etc.
Included is His death and burial (Mt. 27/ect).
4. Resurrection. [Gospels/etc].
6. Session (Heb.1:3).
7. Return to reign (Rev.19:11-20:6).
8. Mediation offered up. (1 Cor. 15:25-28)
B. The Savior's Preparation.
1. Negatively - the sinful state of the world.
a. All are Guilty before God (Rom. 3:9-18) under sin (Ro.3:9/Gal.3:22/Ro.11:32). All of mankind is guilty before God (Ro.3:23/Ja.2:10/etc).
b. Therefore all deserve to Get eternal punishment from God (Jn.3:18-19; 3:16/Gal.3:10/Rom.1:32; 6:23/etc.
a. Theophanies prepared the way.
b. Nation of Israel prepared the way.
c. Prophecies prepared the way (Gen.3:15).
d. Types that prepared the way, like the animal sacrifices.
e. Mosaic Law prepared the way (Ro.3:19-22/Gal. 3:24-26).
C. The Savior's Person over two natures.
Hypostatic union is the union of the divine and human natures in one person, and was essential to the accomplishing fo the work of salvation. He is perfectly God and perfectly human in one person, without any confusion of them. This union made it possible for Christ to be a mediator (Job 9:32,35/1 Tim.2:5/Heb.7:25/Gal.3:20/2 Cor.5:19).
It relates to the concept of kinsman-redeemer (Lev.25:29/Isa.59:20/Rom.3:24/Book of Ruth).
D. Particular offices of Christ
Book of Hebrews.
He was born as King (Mt.2:2/Jn.18:37), rejected as king (Lu.19:14/Jn.19:14-15), and will return to reign as king (Rev. 19:16).
E. Passion of Christ.
1. His sufferings was Part of salvation (Lu.24:26,46/Ac.26:23; 3:18).
Sin and suffering go hand in hand! It was necessary that the greatest suffering be to God Himself in the Person of His Son, it was by His painful death as our substitute that our salvation is possible.
2. His sufferings were Planned before the foundation of the world (Rev. 13:8/Eph.1:4/2 Thess. 2:13).
For reasons only known to God Himself, His plan included sin entering this universe by Satan. We must accept the fact that God is just and righteous, as well as powerful and wise. He was not suprised by sin, nor was He the author of it, though He permitted it.
3. His sufferings were Prophecied (Gen. 3:15/Isa.52:13-53:12/Mt.16:21; 17:12,22-23/etc).
4. His sufferings were Pictured.
This is seen in Abel's sacrifice (Gen.4:4/Heb.11:4); the sacrifice of Isaac (Gen.22/Ro.8:32); the paschal lamb (Jn.1:29); the Levitical offerings (Lev.1-5); the two birds (Lev.14:1-7, 49-53/2 Cor. 4:7/Heb.9:12,14, 24); the Day of Atonement; the red heifer; etc.