Summary: The Study Of “The Church, Part 2”

The Study Of “The Church, Part 2”

Matthew 16:18 (KJV)

18 And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.

There are thousands of different denominations in the world. But the Bible reveals only one church. Let us learn from the Bible about Christ’s church. Let us become members of it. Then, we can know we are right. The Bible tells is what Christ’s church is like. It tells us its names, organization, and worship.


The Bible gives several names for Christ’s church and for its members. These names honor God and His Son, Jesus Christ.

In the New Testament, the church is often called "the church of God." "Paul . . . to the church of God which is at Corinth" (1 Corinthians 1:1,2). "Therefore take heed to yourselves and to all the flock, among which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers, to shepherd the church of God which He purchased with His own blood" (Acts 20:28).

When speaking of the various groups of Christians which make up the body of Christ, the term "churches of Christ" is used. "…The churches of Christ greet you" (Romans 16:16).

Members of the church in the Bible are often called "believers" because they trust in the Lord Jesus Christ. "And believers were increasingly added to the Lord, multitudes of both men and women" (Acts 5:14). "Let no one despise your youth, but be an example to the believers in word, in conduct, in love, in spirit, in faith, in purity" (1 Timothy 4:12).

Sometimes members are called "saints," because they are set apart to do God’s will. "To the church of God which is at Corinth, to those who are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints, with all who in every place call on the name of Jesus Christ our Lord, both theirs and ours" (1 Corinthians 1:2). "…To all the saints in Christ Jesus who are in Philippi, with the bishops and deacons" (Philippians 1:1).

They are often called "disciples" because they are learners of Christ. "…So it was that for a whole year they assembled with the church and taught a great many people. And the disciples were first called Christians in Antioch" (Acts 11:26). "Now on the first day of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul, ready to depart the next day, spoke to them and continued his message until midnight" (Acts 20:7).

Members are also called Christians. "And the disciples were first called Christians at Antioch" (Acts 11:26). "Then Agrippa said to Paul, You almost persuade me to become a Christian" (Acts 26:28). "If you are reproached for the name of Christ, blessed are you, for the Spirit of glory and of God rests upon you. On their part He is blasphemed, but on your part He is glorified. But let none of you suffer as a murderer, a thief, an evildoer, or as a busybody in other people’s matters. Yet if anyone suffers as a Christian, let him not be ashamed, but let him glorify God in this matter" (1 Peter 4:14-16).


God’s plan for His church is very simple. Christ is the head of the whole church. "And He put all things under His feet, and gave Him to be the head over all things to the church, which is His body, the fullness of Him who fills all in all" (Ephesians 1:22,23).

The New Testament is the only law which God gave to His church. "All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, thoroughly equipped for every good work" (2 Timothy 3:16,17).

In each place where there are Christians, they meet together as a group and form the church of Christ in that place. Each of these groups is independent. Each has its own leaders. Each church of Christ is overseen by elders and served by deacons when it is fully organized.

Elders are called by different names in the New Testament. Sometimes they are called "bishops," meaning "overseers." "This is a faithful saying: If a man desires the position of a bishop, he desires a good work" (1 Timothy 3:1). Sometimes they are called "pastors," meaning "shepherds." "And He Himself gave some to be apostles, some prophets, some evangelists, and some pastors and teachers, for the equipping of the saints for the work of ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ" (Ephesians 4:11,12). "So when they had appointed elders in every church, and prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord in whom they had believed" (Acts 14:23).

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