Summary: A study of chapter 4 verses 1 through 16
5Song of Solomon 4: 1 – 16
1 Behold, you are fair, my love! Behold, you are fair! You have dove’s eyes behind your veil. Your hair is like a flock of goats, going down from Mount Gilead. 2 Your teeth are like a flock of shorn sheep which have come up from the washing, every one of which bears twins, and none is barren among them. 3 Your lips are like a strand of scarlet, and your mouth is lovely. Your temples behind your veil are like a piece of pomegranate. 4 Your neck is like the tower of David, built for an armory, on which hang a thousand bucklers, all shields of mighty men. 5 Your two breasts are like two fawns, twins of a gazelle, which feed among the lilies. 6 Until the day breaks and the shadows flee away, I will go my way to the mountain of myrrh and to the hill of frankincense. 7 You are all fair, my love, and there is no spot in you. 8 Come with me from Lebanon, my spouse, with me from Lebanon. Look from the top of Amana, from the top of Senir and Hermon, from the lions’ dens, from the mountains of the leopards. 9 You have ravished my heart, my sister, my spouse; You have ravished my heart with one look of your eyes, with one link of your necklace. 10 How fair is your love, my sister, my spouse! How much better than wine is your love, and the scent of your perfumes than all spices! 11 Your lips, O my spouse, drip as the honeycomb; Honey and milk are under your tongue; And the fragrance of your garments is like the fragrance of Lebanon. 12 A garden enclosed is my sister, my spouse, a spring shut up, a fountain sealed. 13 Your plants are an orchard of pomegranates with pleasant fruits, fragrant henna with spikenard, 14 Spikenard and saffron, calamus and cinnamon, with all trees of frankincense, myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices— 15 A fountain of gardens, a well of living waters, and streams from Lebanon. 16 Awake, O north wind, and come, O south! Blow upon my garden, that its spices may flow out. Let my beloved come to his garden and eat its pleasant fruits.
We now come to the wedding night – the Honeymoon. The bride and groom have now retired to the bridal chamber to consummate their vows. The honeymoon is the unveiling of the two to each other. The groom is moved by his wife’s beauty and complements her. We will note that his words of complement not only speak of her physical beauty which we will see in verses 1 through 5, but we will note that he also sees in his partner her emotional beauty [verse 6] and her spiritual beauty [ verse 7 ]
1 Behold, you are fair, my love! Behold, you are fair! You have dove’s eyes behind your veil. Your hair is like a flock of goats, going down from Mount Gilead.
A key benefit to understanding the following verses is to recognize that Solomon was a Shepherd king. He was very familiar with the natural conditions and surroundings throughout the land of Israel.
The first thing that Solomon said to encourage his wife was about her total overwhelming beauty, ‘Behold, you are fair, my love! Behold, you are fair!’ He is not saying that on a scale of 1 to 10 with 10 being the highest that his wife is about a 5. No, the word ‘fair’ means beautiful. When you repeat something twice you do it for emphasis. So, when he says twice to his wife that she is beautiful, he really wanted her to know how much he was moved by her total being.