Summary: Jesus was arrested in the Garden of Gethsemane and taken to Annas and then to the palace of Caiaphas, the high priest. Then he was taken to Pilate.
When they had bound Jesus, the whole multitude led him away (from Caiaphas to the hall of judgment) and delivered him to Pontius Pilate the governor and it was early.
The Jews wouldn't go into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; so Pilate then went out to them.
Pilate: What accusation do you bring against this man?
And they began to accuse Jesus.
The Jews: We found this fellow perverting the nation and forbidding others to give tribute to Caesar, saying that he himself is Christ a King.
The Jews: If he were not a criminal, we would not have delivered him up to you.
Jesus stood before Pilate the governor.
Pilate: Are you the King of the Jews?
Jesus: You say.
And when he was accused by the chief priests and elders, Jesus answered nothing.
Pilate: Don’t you hear how many things they witness against you?
Jesus answered to him never a word; insomuch that the governor marveled greatly.
Pilate: Take him, and judge him according to your law.
The Jews: It is not lawful for us to put any man to death.
(They wanted Jesus killed, but they didn’t have the authority to sentence him to death. The Jews were under Roman authority. The Roman governor had to hear any case worthy of death and sentence the criminal to crucifixion.)
That the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spoke, signifying what death he would die.
(Note: If the Jews had put Jesus to death, he would have been stoned. But since the Romans executed him, he was crucified.)
Then Pilate entered into the judgment hall again and called Jesus.
Pilate: Are you the King of the Jews?
Jesus: Do you say this thing of yourself, or did others tell it to you about me?
Pilate: Am I a Jew? Your own nation and the chief priests have delivered you to me. What have you done?
Jesus: My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then my servants would fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but my kingdom is not now.
Pilate: Are you a king then?
Jesus: You say that I am a king. I was born to this end, and I came into the world for this cause, that I should bear witness to the truth. Every one that is of the truth hears my voice.
Pilate: What is truth?
And when he had said this, Pilate went out again to the Jews.
Pilate: I find no fault in this man at all.
The Jews (all the more fierce): He stirs up the people, teaching throughout all Judaea, beginning from Galilee to this place.
When Pilate heard of Galilee, he asked whether Jesus was a Galilaean.
And as soon as he knew that Jesus belonged to Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent Jesus to Herod, who was also at Jerusalem at that time.
And when Herod saw Jesus, he was exceeding glad: for he had desired to see him for a long season, because he had heard many things of him; and he hoped to see some miracle done by him.
Then Herod questioned Jesus with many words; but Jesus answered him nothing.
And the chief priests and scribes stood and vehemently accused Jesus.
And Herod with his men of war treated Jesus with contempt and mocked him and dressed him in a gorgeous robe, and sent him back to Pilate.
And that same day Pilate and Herod were became friends: where before there was enmity between themselves.
Pilate called together the chief priests and the rulers and the people.
Pilate: You have brought this man to me, as one who perverts the people: and I have examined him before you, and I have found no fault in this man touching those things of which you accuse him. No, nor has Herod: for I sent you to him; and he has done nothing worthy of death. Therefore, I will chastise him and release him.
Now at the Passover feast the governor would release a prisoner to the people, whomever they wanted released.
The Romans had a notable prisoner, called Barabbas, at that time.
Pilate (when the Jews were gathered together): Whom will you have me release to you? Barabbas, or Jesus which is called Christ?
Pilate knew that the Jews had delivered him because of envy.
When Pilate was set down on the judgment seat, his wife sent a message to him.
The message from Pilate’s wife: Have nothing to do with that just man: for I have suffered many things this day in a dream because of him.