Summary: Capernaum was not only His headquarters, but it was also where more miracles were done than in any other city. Jesus' next stop is Jerusalem and there He drives out of the Temple, those who were only interested in making money.
Harmony of the Gospels
Capernaum, “His City”
First Stay in Capernaum
After this he went down to Capernaum, he, and his mother, and his brethren, and his disciples: and they continued there not many days. (John 2:12)
Joseph’s name is not mentioned, and I believe that he was dead by this time. As the oldest son, Jesus was the head of the family. That’s why His mother and His brothers accompanied Him. He supported them and they traveled with Him at this time. He traveled with a large group. Remember, that at one time, He sent out 70. There were more than twelve disciples; but the twelve were His inner group that He trained. They were His friends, which would be entrusted with the mission of building His church.
“After this,” probably refers to the time that His hometown, Nazareth, would not receive Him. When He went into the synagogue and read from Isaiah, they said, “…..Is not this Joseph’s son?” (Luke 4:22) They would have killed Him, but it was not His time. He walked out of Nazareth and took His family and disciples to Capernaum. This would be His headquarters, for the remainder of His earthly ministry.
It should be pointed out that His brothers did not believe in him, at this time. John 7:5 says, “For even his own brothers did not believe in him.” They may have thought that He was just carried away with religious enthusiasm. Later, they would believe, and one of His brothers, James, would become the head of the church in Jerusalem.
Capernaum was not only His headquarters, but it was also where more miracles were done than in any other city. Jesus would comment about this and rebuke the people who lived there, for their unbelief. They should have believed in Him, because He spoke more often in their synagogues and did more miracles there.
(6) First Cleansing of the Temple
And the Jew’s Passover was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. (John 2:13)
Jesus began His ministry in Cana of Galilee, went to Capernaum, and is now in Jerusalem.
Notice that John labels the feast of Passover as the “Jew’s Passover.” This is no longer the “Lord’s Passover”, as it was called in Exodus 12:27, “That ye shall say, It is the sacrifice of the Lord’s Passover, …..” It has become merely a religious feast, quite meaningless, just a ritual to go through. The one of whom the Passover speaks, has now come, "…..For even Christ our Passover is sacrificed for us.” (1 Corinthians 5:7)
Jesus has gone up to Jerusalem, because He keeps the Law. The Law requires that all males go up to Jerusalem three times a year, at the time of the Feast of Passover, at the time of the Feast of Tabernacles and at the time of the Feast of Pentecost. It would have been around mid-April.
Now we come to the cleansing of the temple. He did this on two occasions. One cleansing occurred at the beginning of His ministry, and the second cleansing was toward the end of His ministry.
And found in the temple those that sold oxen and sheep and the changers of money setting. (John 2:14)