Summary: Psalm 69 - Messianic Psalm (PowerPoint slides to accompany this talk are available on request – email: firstname.lastname@example.org)
Deliverance: “Save Me” (vs 1-18)
Vindication: “Judge my enemies” (vs 19-29)
Praise: “Be Glorified” (vs 30-36)
Jesus: "The Messiah"
• This is the most frequently quoted Psalm in the New Testament.
• Seven of its thirty six verses are quoted in the New Testament.
• Some of the quotes you will recognise immediately;
• Some are a little bit more obscure.
This Psalm is what we call an imprecatory psalm:
• Because contained in the Psalm are imprecations,
• That’s just a clever word that means ‘curses and judgments’ against God’s enemies.
• These psalms are usually considered problems for us as Christians;
• Because Jesus taught us (Luke chapter 6 verse 27–28).
• “Love your enemies, do good to those who hate you,
• Bless those who curse you, pray for those who abuse you”
• And we know Jesus practiced what he preached because;
• Jesus prayed for his enemies on the cross (Luke chapter 23 verse 34).
• “Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do”
• So some Christians have problems with these Psalms:
• Because it sounds like these psalms are doing the opposite of what Jesus said and did.
• But Jesus did not have a problem quoting them;
• And neither did the disciples have a problem quoting them.
• Notice that they quote the imprecatory verses.
• And not just what we might call ‘the nice bits’.
• The key to understanding these imprecatory verses is always to note the context;
• David wrote of course prior to the coming of Christ.
• He did not have the full revelation of teaching that you and I have.
• And when Jesus and the disciples quote from these verses;
• They again quote them in a specific context.
• So the key to understanding and applying them is always to note the context.
Note: The key verse of the Psalm – verse 4:
I am forced to restore
what I did not steal
• These words perfectly describe the unfair situation;
• That David the Psalmist is experiencing at the time of writing;
• These words perfectly describe the unfair situation Jesus experienced;
• When he went to the cross.
• Think of the human race aboard a hijacked jet-liner flying through time.
• God himself directed its takeoff from the divine control-tower.
• The initiator of all evil, whom we call the Devil, Managed to get a boarding pass.
• When the plane reached its cruising altitude,
• The Devil produced his weapons, threatened the pilot,
• And took control of the aircraft and all its passengers.
• Thus the plane hopped on fearfully through history;
• From airport to airport.
• Until it was caught on the tarmac at Jerusalem,
• An outpost of the Roman empire, in the reign of Tiberius Caesar,
• Where the Son of God offered himself as sole hostage;
• In exchange for the passengers and crew.
• “I am forced to restore what I did not steal”
• These words perfectly describe the work of Jesus on the cross;
Note of warning:
• When reading the Messianic Psalms to be careful;
• Because not everything in the Psalm is applicable to Jesus.
• ill: Just as a shadow is the same yet different from the object that forms it;
• Not everything in the Psalm is applicable to Jesus.
• A perfect example of that is verse 5:
• ill: “You, God, know my folly; my guilt is not hidden from you”.
• This verse cannot apply to Jesus because the Bible clearly teaches;
• That Jesus was without sin, without guilt, without folly.
• So as you look at Messianic Psalms you need to exercise spiritual discernment.
• Because there are two levels to every Messianic Psalm.
• Think of a crossword puzzle.
• You have both the horizontal and the vertical.
In every Messianic Psalm you have the horizontal and the vertical:
• The main part of the Psalm is horizontal.
• The experience of the psalmist as he describes his own personal circumstances.
• The vertical part of the Psalm relates upward;
• They are the certain verses that speak of Jesus the Messiah;
• Question: How do we know which bits apply to each person.
• Answer: The New Testament interprets and applies what those verses they should be.
(A). THE HORIZONTAL
• The setting of the Psalm is a hurting man – David.
• He is asking God to help him against his troubles and against his enemies.
I want to divide this Psalm under three headings.
(1). Deliverance: “Save Me” (vs 1-18)
• John Paton was a missionary in the New Hebrides Islands.