Summary: THE CHURCH NEEDS BOTH GODLY MEN AND GODLY WOMEN TO FULFILL THEIR PROPER ROLES
THE CHURCH NEEDS BOTH GODLY MEN AND GODLY WOMEN TO
FULFILL THEIR PROPER ROLES
I. EXPLANATION OF THE DIFFERENT ROLES
A. Men Need to Lead in Prayer in the Public Assembly
1. Action -- "Therefore, I want the men in every place to pray"
Wuest: "The word ’therefore’ is resumptive, picking up again the general topic of public worship from which Paul digressed in verses 3-7."
Wuest: "wherever Christian congregations assemble"
2. Heart Attitude
a. "lifting up holy hands"
b. "without wrath and dissension"
Wuest: "freedom from irritation towards our fellowmen, and confidence toward God"
Kent: "a reference to that spirit of argumentation or disputing, whether with others or within oneself, a spirit which has no place in true prayer."
B. Women Need to Dress Modestly and Focus on Good Works
1. Issue of Dress
a. Positively: "to adorn themselves with":
1) "proper clothing"
1) "not with braided hair"
2) "and gold or pearls"
3) "or costly garments"
2. Issue of Good Works
a. "but rather by means of good works"
b. "as befits woman making a claim to godliness"
Guthrie: "a woman’s dress is a mirror of her mind. Outward ostentation is not in keeping with a prayerful and devout approach."
Wiersbe: "The contrast here is between the artificial glamour of the world and the true beauty of a godly life."
C. Women Need to Receive Instruction
(rather than Teach or Exercising Authority over Men)
1. Action: "receive instruction"
2. Heart Attitude:
b. "with entire submissiveness"
a. Not allowed to Teach (men in public church gatherings)
"But I do not allow a woman to teach"
b. Not allowed to Exercise Authority over Men (in the church)
"or exercise authority over a man"
c. Must "Remain Quiet "
Wiersbe: "’Silence’ is an unfortunate translation because it gives the impression that believing women were never to open their mouths in the assembly. This is the same word that is translated ’peaceable’ in verse 2. Some of the women abused their newfound freedom in Christ, and created disturbances in the
services by interrupting. It is this problem that Paul addressed in this admonition."
D. (By Implication) Men Need to Teach and Exercise Authority in the Assembly as Appropriate
2. Exercise Authority
II. REASONS FOR THE DIFFERENT ROLES
A. Argument from Priority of Creation
"For it was Adam who was first created, and then Eve."
Lenski: "The creative order certainly reveals God’s intent, that Eve was not to direct, rule, supervise him, that she was not to be the head, but he."
B. Argument from Susceptibility to Deception (in the Garden of Eden)
"And it was not Adam who was deceived, but the woman being quite deceived, fell into transgression."
III. SPECIAL OPPORTUNITY FOR WOMEN TO EXCEL
"But women shall be preserved through the bearing of children if they continue in faith and love and sanctity with self-restraint."
Hiebert: "’Child-bearing’ denotes the proper sphere in which the woman finds the true fulfillment of her destiny. It speaks of the highest ideal of Christian womanhood. It brings out that which is noblest and best within her being. Paul’s thought naturally