Summary: We all struggle with anger but how can we tell when it is right? In this message, Pastor Steve Hereford examines the definition and manifestation of anger.

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Ephesians 4:26-27 says, “‘Be angry, and do not sin’: do not let the sun go down on your wrath nor give place to the devil.”

This passage, which the first part comes from Psalm 4:4, is a call to righteous anger. Because anger can be selfish do we rarely understand that we can be angry without sinning. But much of that I believe comes from a misunderstanding of what the Bible says about anger. That’s why I want to take the next few days to talk about this subject.

I would like to begin by asking a simple question, “What is anger?”

Anger is an emotion, like laughter and sadness. To deny anger is also to deny other emotions you possess. What we need to understand is that it is normal and natural. All of us become angry, the question is, when is it the right kind of anger?

Anger is also a feeling of displeasure. Webster defines anger as “a feeling of displeasure resulting from injury, mistreatment, opposition, etc., and usually showing itself in a desire to fight back at the supposed cause of this feeling” (Second College Edition, p.53). The only problem with that definition is that it is one-sided. It is talking about YOUR “injury, mistreatment, opposition” and YOUR “desire to fight back at the supposed cause of this feeling.” That is not what Ephesians 4:26-27 is saying. But before we look at when it is right, let’s see this definition in action. In 1 Samuel 25:13 we learn that David was angered at how he and his servants were mistreated by Nabal. Verses 21-22 tells that he wanted to take vengeance because of his mistreatment. David’s anger was unjustified. It was “evil” (v.39) as he later admits. His pride was hurt and he was determined to avenge himself because of it. This is a good example of our definition of “a feeling of displeasure resulting from injury, mistreatment, opposition, etc., and usually  showing itself in a desire to fight back at the supposed cause of this feeling.”

A second example is found in Genesis 4:1-8. In this passage, Cain was jealous for Abel because Abel’s offering was accepted by God but Cain’s wasn’t. Cain’s “displeasure” toward God and his brother caused him to murder his brother but in reality he really wanted to kill God but since he couldn’t he killed Abel. 1 John 3:12 says that “Cain was of the wicked one and murdered his brother. And why did he murder him? Because his works were evil and his brother’s righteous.”

Both of these passages illustrate the selfish anger that Webster’s dictionary refers to as “anger.” Before we address the other side to this definition, let’s ask the second question regarding anger, “How does anger manifest itself?” First is by rage. The Greek word for “rage” is chaloa and it “signifies bitter anger.” It means “to be enraged.” Rage then is a furious, uncontrolled anger. It is a “violent outburst of anger where self-control is lost” (Webster). You could say that our two passages illustrated “rage.”

The second way anger manifests itself is by fury. “Fury” is violent anger. It “implies a frenzied rage that borders on madness” (Webster). You could also say that David and Cain also possessed this type of “anger.”

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Jennifer Smith

commented on Jul 25, 2014

Hi Steve, I am quite angry about something in the sinful sense. I have prayed to God about this issue but I don't feel any different. Long story short I had a flatmate last year who I liked a lot as a friend and I thought to a certain extent he liked me back. I got him presents and remembered his birthday. About a month ago he left our flat and he had ordered a parcel to the old address. I texted him telling him there was a parcel and he never even bothered texting back or acknowledging me in any way . I texted once after on the same day but I havn't heard anything back since. I am quite upset because I thought he thought more of me than that.

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