Summary: There is no blessing in serving God unless it begins with our being personally reconciled to Him. Such peace with God comes with a sacrifice - the blood of our Lord Jesus Christ.

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For the fourth time Israel sinned, and God handed them over to their enemies, this time to the Midianites (6:1). God chastens His people’s sins. The familiar pattern of sinfollowed-by-chastening continued in Israel (see 3:7, 12; 4:1).

Once again Israel’s predicament was a desperate one. The Israelites were hiding in caves (6:2). Their enemies would invade at the time when Israel were sowing their seed. Then (since some small amount of seed was planted despite the attacks) they would attack again at harvest time (6:3). It was a deliberate policy, full of hatred, designed to reduced Israel to extreme poverty and weakness. When the Midianites invaded, Amalekites and other eastern people joined .in. Together the enemies came in vast numbers to devastate the land (6:4-5); Israel was in a joyless and distressing situation. It was God’s way of putting pressure on the people to get them to pray (6:6). When we slip into prayerlessness God is able to drive us to prayer. Our troubles exert pressure on us and might lead us to pray as never before. God prepares the way for restoration by sending prophecy.

The nation’s turning to idolatry has been mentioned three imes before (3:7-11, 12-30,31; 4: 1-5:31) and we may assume something similar happened in the days of Sham gar (3:31).

On those four occasions God simply rescued them, but now He first sends a prophet (6:7). Chastening is of no value if it is not interpreted. Actually the prophet does not rebuke them -ery powerfully. God simply reminds them of what He has done. He delivered them from bondage, released them from oppression and gave them Canaan (6:8-9). He wished them to show their gratitude by not worshipping the gods of the Amorites who lived in Canaan. But they did not heed God’s demand (6: 10). They are sinning against grace, sinning against His amazing mercy.

God eventually raises up a rescuer; God calls Gideon.

God’s instrument is an undistinguished person going about his regular duties (6: 11). An angel appears. It is ’the angel of the Lord’, the angel who specially represents Yahweh himself.

Gideon has taken his wheat to a winepress, a hollow in the ground, where he hopes that he will not be discovered by any invading Midianites. Normally a farmer would take wheat to be threshed out into the open countryside, but the Midianite danger made that impossible.

1. When God calls us He treats us not as we are but as ’we shall be.

God treats Gideon not as he is but as the military hero that he will be. The angel speaks to Gideon, ’Yahweh is with you, you mighty warrior’ (6:12)! Actually Gideon seems to be anything but a mighty warrior! He is hiding from Midianites. He is perplexed and resentful about Israel’s sufferings (6:13). He is sceptical, reckoning God has simply abandoned Israel (6:14).

God reckons Gideon to be a mighty man of valour.

Actually he is not that yet, but he will be and God is dealing with Gideon not in terms of what he is but in terms of what he will be.

2. When God calls us He treats us totally in grace.

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