Summary: Jesus gave Peter the keys to the kingdom. In similar fashion, Jesus grants me the joy of sharing the Gospel as He desires, guides and allows. You have the same opportunity.

What exactly do you believe about Jesus? In my seminary days, our first semester in Systematic Theology dealt with that question. Our professor described Jesus as “the proleptic, salvific, hidden appearance of the eschatological kingdom of God”. Did you get that? Take notes; there might be a test at the end of this. “The proleptic, salvific, hidden appearance of the eschatological kingdom of God”. On our way out of class, the words of our gospel in mind, we chuckled at the whole thing: “Jesus said to them, 'Who do YOU say that I am?' Simon Peter replied, ‘You are the proleptic, salvific, hidden appearance of the eschatological kingdom of God’. And Jesus answered him and said, 'WHAT???'"

Malcolm Muggeridge, a longtime skeptic, became wonderfully reflective following his conversion. In his book, Jesus Rediscovered, writes: "Beneath the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem, a silver star marks the alleged precise spot where Christ was born. A stone slab nearby is supposed to mark the exact site of the manger wherein he lay. The Holy Land is littered with such shrines, divided up like African territories in the old colonialist days, between the different sects and denominations the Greeks, the Armenians, the Copts, the Latins, etc.—and often a cause of rancor among them. Most of the shrines are doubtless fraudulent, some in dubious taste, and none to my liking. Yet one may note, as the visitors come and go, ranging from the devout to the inanely curious, that almost every face somehow lights up a little."

There is something about Jesus. And the question to the disciples comes again: "Who do YOU say that I am?" You must answer. And you. And you. And you and you. I don’t imagine your response will include the words "proleptic" or "salvific" or "eschatological". My prayer is that, with Simon Peter, you can say with every fiber of your being, "You are the Christ, the Son of the living God." OYBT Mt. 16:13-20


a. Jesus and the disciples arrive at Caesrea Phillipi, a pagan territory, near a grotto (cave) devoted to the worship of the Greek diety Pan; Herod also dedicated a temple for the worship of Caesar there. Thus it is hardly an expected site for a divine revelation. The city is 25 mi. from the Sea of Galilee and about 1700 feet higher in altitude, hence the need to stop along the way.

b. Matthew tells us of a little interval for quiet reflection away from the crowds—a significant time, when it will be made clear to the disciples who Jesus is, and what it means in terms of rejection, suffering and death. They will also learn a bit about discipleship.


a. The text implies the disciples answer instantly. This may be true. But before we move on, let’s travel to Caesarea Phillippi and sit at Jesus’ feet as he asks you and I the question. It’s time to play Truth or Consequences. What do people say about me?

b. Ever been asked this question? If so, you appreciate an awkward situation. Do I tell the good and bad? What if he/she doesn’t like what he hears? Ingoring the truth is dishonest—if I share the truth I am trustworthy—and friendless.

c. The disciples share what they’ve heard—John the Baptist, Elijah, Jeremiah, one of the prophets. Their answers reveal they are listening, but they share no critical remarks?


a. It’s no surprise that Peter responds first. Lovable, awkward Peter. A man with a remarkable flair for the inappropriate. I wonder what the eleven are thinking as he begins to speak. He does well, however unlikely, saying You are the Christ, the Son of the Living God.

b. Rulers and kings in the pagan world were given the title son of the gods. Peter knows the difference between son of the gods and The Son of the Living God. Jesus responds with “Blessed are you, Simon Bar (son of)-Jonah! For flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my Father who is in heaven.

[There is something about Jesus. And the question to the disciples is "Who do YOU say that I am?" You must answer. And you. And you. And you and you.]


a. Islam: prophet sent by God superceded by Mohammed; not God incarnate, Messiah, just a man

b. Judaism: rejects the idea of Jesus being God, or a person of a Trinity, or a mediator to God. Judaism also holds that Jesus is not the Messiah

c. Buddism: Wise and enlightened man who taught similar things to the Buddha.

d. Hinduism: Incarnation of God akin to Krishna, or wise man.

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