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Summary: A Study and Reference Guide.For ages 19 thru adult. What we all should know.

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Who is the Antichrist; A Study and Reference Guide. No matter who you may ask, you will recieve many different answers, this is my interpretation . Judas, not likely nor any resurrected human. 1.Calling Him and Jesus “the Morning Star” not likely. Morning Star signifies Jesus Only. Rev 22:16, Rev 2:28, in scripture only twice.

2.The Dragon The word “Satan” is used 24 times in the Old Testament. In Job (Job 1:6) and Zech (Job 3:1) it has the prefixed definite article. In all cases but one when the article is omitted it is used in a general sense. This one exception is 1Ch-21: 1 (compare 2Sa-24: 1), where the word is generally conceded to be used as a proper name. This meaning is fixed in New Testament times. We are thus enabled to note in the term “Satan” (and Devil) the growth of a word from a general term to an appellation and later to a proper name. All the other names of Satan save only these two are descriptive titles. Tempter (Mat 4:5; 1Th 3:5); Beelzebub (Mat-12: 24); Enemy (Mat-13: 39); Evil One (Mat 13:19, Mat-13: 38; 1Jo-2: 13, 1Jo-2: 14; 1Jo-3: 12, and particularly 1Jo-5: 18); Belial (2Co-6: 15); Adversary (ἀντίδικος, antídikos), (1Pe-5:8); Deceiver (literally “the one who deceives”) (Rev 12:9); Dragon (Great) (Rev-12: 3); Father of Lies (John- 8:44); Murderer (Joh-8: 44); Sinner (1Jo-3:8) - these are isolated references occurring from 1 to 3 times each. In the vast majority of passages (70 out of 83) either Satan or Devil is used. Satan is not the antichrist, proven in Revelations. Rev 20:10 And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast [Antichrist] and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.

3. Leviathan; word used only 4 times in scripture; Possibly a crocodile Job 41; Psa_104:26“The crooked serpent” Isa_27:1 Figurative Psa74: 14, never used in describing the antichrist. Leviathan, not the antichrist.

4. Apollyon, Abaddon; In the New Testament the word occurs once (Rev 9:11), the personalization becoming sharp. Abaddon is here not the world of the dead, but the angel who reigns over it. Never used as a name for the antichrist. The Greek equivalent of his name is given as Apollyon. One other feature of Old Testament usage is worthy of consideration as throwing light upon Rev 9:11. Abaddon and the accompanying terms “Death” and Sheol are personified (as in Job 28:22) and represented as living beings that speak and act (compare Rev 6:8).

(1) Since Apollyon is a personification he is not to be identified with Satan (compare Rev 9:1 where Satan seems to be clearly indicated) or with any other being to whom historical existence and definite characteristics are ascribed.

In three instances Abaddon is parallel with Sheol (Job 26:6; Pro 15:11; Pro 27:20). In one instance it is parallel with death, in one with the grave and in the remaining instance the parallel phrase is “root out all mine increase” (Job 28:22; Psa 88:11; Job 31:12). So, Apollyon, Abaddon, not the antichrist.


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