Summary: After an exciting conquest of Canaan the people of Israel experience spiritaul decline. The book of Judges takes us through the process from conquering to coexistence. An introduction sermon to a series on Judges.
Why the Decline – An Introduction to Judges
1.People get made when a promise is not kept
a.God made plenty of promises to the people of Israel – land, nation, freedom from enemies. My favorite is:
b.The LORD will make you the head, not the tail. If you pay attention to the commands of the LORD your God that I give you this day and carefully follow them, you will always be at the top, never at the bottom. Deut. 28:13
c.But the promises don’t come true
d.Israel gets the land, but never gets everything that God wanted for them.
e.Could it be that God is not good to his promises?
2.New Testament has promises as well.
a.I have come that they may have life, and have it to the full. John 10:10
b.Keep company with me and you’ll learn to live freely and lightly. Matthew 11:30
c.Can we trust these promises? Will God renege on us as well?
d.Do we enjoy these promises? If not has God reneged on us?
e.Studying through the OT reveals that God is not at fault – it is His people. But what did they do to disqualify themselves from the promises of God?
3.We will start a study of the book of Judges to find out why and to guide us into being the people who will possess the promises that God has made.
4.Whenever we start a book it’s always necessary to get a little background information as we set out.
a.Chronologically: Judges takes place after Joshua has lead the people into the promised land and continues until the coronation of King Saul, the first of three kings of united Israel. (About 325 years)
b.The title can be deceiving because the term “judge” is used in a different sense than we use it.
1.Judge (n) : not a person who determines guilt or innocence in criminal cases; a person who delivers their people from their enemies. Not always someone to be imitated.
c.We also detect a cycle in the book of Judges that Israel goes through on a number of occasions:
1.Israel does evil in the eyes of Yahweh
2.Yahweh gives them into the hands of their oppressors
3.Israel serves the oppressor for X years
4.Israel cries out to Yahweh
5.Yahweh raises up a deliverer ( i.e., judge)
6.The oppressor is subdued
7.The land has rest for X years
a.Not only a cycle but a downward spiral. As time goes on the people get worse and worse.
b.Sad to say there also seems to be a quicker decline in the Northern part of the nation.
5.Why the decline? What happens in Israel to cause such a drift from God? I think we’ll see in the introduction to the book (1:1-3:6) these three reasons.
i.They lost their fight
ii.They lost their relationship with God
iii.They lost trust in God
6.They lost their fight
a.Right from chapter one we see the people of Israel lose their fight.
b.Have to understand a concept important to the Israel occupation in the land of Canaan.
c.They were told to totally destroy all the inhabitants. To totally drive them out. To make no treaties with them.
d.Sounds harsh, but God did not want any heathen influence in their lives that would dilute their influence in their world.
e.Look at this in ch. 1 – they don’t drive out the people.