Summary: The Book of Psalms is a great way for us to express our hearts to God in worship and prayer.
THE WISDOM TRILOGY #3: WORSHIP: SONGS AND PRAYERS (BOOK OF PSALMS)
INTRO TO TOPIC: ASK QUESTION: WHO IS DAVID? (King of Israel; killed Goliath).
• “God raised up for them David as king, to whom also He gave testimony and said, I have found David the son of Jesse, a man after My own heart, who will do all My will.” (Acts 13:22, NKJV).
• He was a passionate worshipper who wrote over half of the book of Psalms.
• “Then David danced before the Lord with all his might; and David was wearing a linen ephod. So David and all the house of Israel brought up the ark of the Lord with shouting and with the sound of the trumpet.” (2 Samuel 6:14-15, NKJV).
I. WHAT IS THE BOOK OF PSALMS?
• The Psalms is one of the 5 wisdom books of the Old Testament.
• “Psalms, a collection of inspired Hebrew prayers and hymns, is probably for most Christians the best-known and most-loved portion of the Old Testament.” (Fee & Stuart).
THE BIG IDEA: The Book of Psalms is a great way for us to express our hearts to God in worship and prayer.
II. WHO WROTE THE PSALMS?
Psalms names more contributors than any other book of the Bible, more than seven authors, including five individuals and two families (who wrote psalms over the centuries).
• David: the God-anointed king of Israel. He wrote about half of the Psalms
• Asaph (family): Asaph and sons were ordained by David to lead the people in worship.
• The sons of Korah (family): In Numbers, Korah rebelled against Moses and Aaron. His sons survived, though (Nu 26:11), and continued to serve the Lord.
• Heman: A wise man who co-authored Psalm 88 with Korah.
• Solomon: Known for his work in Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and Song of Solomon.
• Moses: Wrote more of the Bible than any other human author. The Pentateuch: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. Moses also wrote one psalm.
• Ethan the Ezrahite: Heman’s brother, he was a famous wise man.
III. WHAT PSALMS DID THEY WRITE?
• David wrote: Psalms 3–9; 11–41; 51–65; 68–70; 86; 101;
103; 108–110; 122; 124; 131; 133; 138–145
• The sons of Korah wrote 11 psalms: Psalm 42; 44–49; 84–85; 87-88
• Heman the Ezrahite coauthored with Korah: Psalm 88
• Moses wrote 1 Psalm: Psalm 90
• Ethan the Ezrahite wrote 1 Psalm: Psalm 89
- Fifty of the psalms designate no specific person as author.
IV. WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF PSALMS?
1) Lament: Express struggles, suffering and disappointment to God
Example: “A Prayer of the afflicted, when he is overwhelmed and pours out his complaint before the Lord. Hear my prayer, O Lord, And let my cry come to You. Do not hide Your face from me in the day of my trouble; Incline Your ear to me; In the day that I call, answer me speedily.” (Psalm 102:1-2).