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Summary: Wisdom gently attracts the mind of humans to a quest and a love for what is true and good through the beautiful. The modern mind no less than the ancient mind needs God.

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Monday of 4th Week in Lent 2013

Gaudium et Spes

Most commentators–even those who wrote in the first millennium–believe that John’s Gospel was the last one written. The historian Eusebius quotes Clement of Alexandria as saying that John, aware of the other three Gospels, wrote a “spiritual” Gospel. But many of the stories in John, like the one we just heard, have the feel of true history, and even of eyewitness history. We know that John the apostle very likely either wrote the Gospel or left the stories and theology for his disciples to write down. John was an early disciple, and the only one to witness firsthand the crucifixion of Christ.

What we have here is a narrative and a theology that spoke to the Christians and seekers of John’s time, and no less to us in our time. Throughout all the Gospels Jesus is portrayed as a teacher and healer. But John adds a new dimension. John’s is a sacramental Gospel. He especially weaves themes of baptism and eucharist into his stories of Jesus. Here he begins a healing tale with a reminder that it took place in Cana of Galilee, where he had made the water into wine. Now the story in chapter 2, of the wedding feast of Cana, told how Jesus had taken the worn-out customs of Judaism, like the ceremonial washings, and turned them into the water and wine of the kingdom of God. So when John reminds us of that first miracle, he is telling us that Jesus is about to reveal something important about that kingdom by his work.

The official–we don’t know if he is a Jew or a Roman–begs Jesus to come down and heal his dying son. Jesus interprets for him: “Unless you see signs and wonders you will not believe.” This was his constant complaint about his fellow Galileans and the Jewish officials. The man then makes an act of desperate faith: “Sir, come down before my child dies.” And Jesus tells him without coming down that his son will live. The man “believed his word.” That is, he believed in Jesus, the Word of God, and went home confident and unsurprised when his servants brought the good news that his son would live.

The modern world is awash in goods, services and technology, but is empty in spirit. The Council Fathers insisted that humans, even modern humans, need more than ideas and “stuff”: “Man judges rightly that by his intellect he surpasses the material universe, for he shares in the light of the divine mind. By relentlessly employing his talents through the ages he has indeed made progress in the practical sciences and in technology and the liberal arts. In our times he has won superlative victories, especially in his probing of the material world and in subjecting it to himself. Still he has always searched for more penetrating truths, and finds them. For his intelligence is not confined to observable data alone, but can with genuine certitude attain to reality itself as knowable, though in consequence of sin that certitude is partly obscured and weakened.


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