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Could you summarize Jesus’ ministry in one sentence? Be careful—your answer will say more about you than it will about him. The Apostle Peter gave a one-sentence summary in Acts 10:38. It's instructive how he chose to summarize the good news:

You know ... how God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and power, and how he went around doing good and healing all who were under the power of the devil, because God was with him.

It’s a fascinating account. Peter has recently had a remarkable encounter with God--filled with revelation and mystery--and before he has time to sort it out, he is called upon to share the gospel of the Kingdom to a roomful of people who are completely foreign to him. This passage is pivotal to the growth of the church; it’s the moment when Peter’s experience overwhelmed his theological understanding of the gospel, and it’s when the Holy Spirit sovereignly decided to demolish ethnic walls and renovate the church.

Peter's response is instructive not only because it gives the essentials of Jesus’ ministry; it provides the essence of our calling as followers of Jesus. Peter was after more than a mere presentation of gospel message; he was out to make disciples. First impressions, as the saying goes, are lasting ones, and I suspect Peter wanted his hearers' first idea of Christianity to include the notion that they were called to be just like Jesus. The tree will grow from the seed, and Peter sowed the seeds of the divine nature becoming flesh-—not only in Jesus, but also in us.

What kind of tree will grow from the seed we plant? Perhaps we should measure our summary against Peter's inspired example. He are five points of comparison:

1. Peter’s gospel message includes Father, Son and Holy Spirit working together. (“How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit”) The tree will grow from the seed. Do we present the full picture of God at work in the earth, or limit the image of God to only One Person? Peter’s example is instructive. A “full gospel” requires the presentation of the full Godhead.

2. Peter’s gospel message doesn’t point to heaven as a future event. He paints a picture of heaven and earth linked together through the work of the Holy Spirit, who spans the divide and pours the stuff of heaven into the words and works of Jesus. In one simple sentence, we get to see how “Let-your-Kingdom-come-let-your-will-be-done-on-earth-as-it-is-in-heaven” works.

3. Peter’s gospel message does not limit Jesus’ mission to redemption only. We see Jesus going from place to place, “doing good and healing.” We see God in action, giving practical expression to his goodness and power. How many gospel presentations affirm his essential goodness as well as his power to express that goodness. True, redemption is part of the story, but Jesus embodied a much bigger “good news” than we dare to imagine.

4. Peter’s gospel message reminds us that we are called to conflict. Those who are in need of healing are “under the power of the devil.” Even the most “Missional Churches” of the western world fail to highlight the spiritual nature of the conflict we face. His intent was not to win an argument; his intent was to win freedom for the captives.

5. Peter’s gospel message presents the presence of God as a necessity for ministry. This final point is worthy of a separate article (or a book). Jesus-—Immanuel—operated in the presence of God. That presence was essential, not optional. If Jesus needed it, how much more do we?

Verses 39–43 indicate that Peter had more to say, but the Holy Spirit had heard enough. The Spirit was ready to harvest. God was ready to start a wildfire. Even those who were strangers to the Jewish covenant were welcomed into the Kingdom of God. The church would grow from pagan soil. The barbarians in Europe were about to see the light. If we were only dealing with church history, this verse would be interesting enough. Strangely, God’s not into church history, he's into the church now. And certainly he didn’t inspire the book of Acts merely to interest us, it's the inspired Scripture-—meant to instruct us.

How we summarize the gospel is the seed of our expectation. The tree grows from the seed. Peter called the seed “imperishable” because he wanted us to become "partakers of the divine nature" (2 Peter 1:4).

Isn't it time to revisit the gospel Peter preached?



Ray Hollenbach helps pastors and churches navigate change. He's the founder of DEEPER Seminars, weekend leadership retreats focused on discipleship in the local church. His newest book is Deeper Grace, a guide to the connection between grace and spiritual maturity. Ray currently lives in central Kentucky, coaching and consulting church leaders. You can visit his blog at Students of Jesus.

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Dean Johnson

commented on Dec 19, 2014

I liked this article, and found it helpful. It was more theological than most on this site.

Tom Voigt

commented on Dec 19, 2014

Great article with succinct points tailor made for some solid reflection. Thank you for posting...

Dale Pierce

commented on Dec 19, 2014

LOVED this article - helpful and insightful as are many on this site. :-) Ray, I'll give you credit when I do, but these thoughts/this outline is MESSAGE worthy ;) helping keep our community and church focused on what the GOSPEL really is and does. Thanks.

Charles Schwab

commented on Dec 19, 2014

I love the enthusiasm of the author. But is Acts 10:38 a summary of the Gospel and hence a model for our presentation of the Gospel today? Or is it a summary of key events which pointed to, and confirmed, Jesus as being the Messiah? It seems to me that it must be the latter. If so, then we would need to look elsewhere in the New Testament for substantiation of the 6 points.

Henry C. Jaegers

commented on Dec 19, 2014

For some strange reason the necessity for the need of persistant and perpetual prayer has been eliminated from your presentation. Prayer is the key to activates the working of the Holy Spirit. My experience with a large majority of churches is the absence of the necessity of prevailing prayer. A pastor who is not convinced of this is falling down in understanding his role as a true spiritual leader. It is unfortunate that has been overlooked in your presentation

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