Summary: A look at the Book of Romans

Romans Outline

Chapter 1:1 – 15 Do I Ever Have Something To Tell You

Chapter 1:16 - 17 Truth, As Powerful As Dynamite

Chapter 1:18 - 32 Would God Send A Whole World To Hell?

Chapter 2 Religion Won’t Save You

Chapter 3 Prove That You Are Not A Good Person

Chapter 4 Work Or Promise, You Choose

Chapter 5 A Power That Is Stronger Than Sin

Chapter 6 So Then, Why Do We Still Sin?

Chapter 7 Why Doesn’t My Life Have Power?

Chapter 8 Free At Last, …I’m Free From Sin

Chapter 9 Why God Does What God Does

Chapter 10 How Are You Saved, Anyway?

Chapter 11 This Always Has Been God’s Way

Chapter 12 Laying It All Down

Chapter 13 Rethinking This World

Chapter 14 Freedoms That Can Hurt

Chapter 15 I Want To Come And See Ya

Chapter 16 Say “Hi” To Everyone

Romans: Here To Set God’s People Free!

Every time we consider or study the Bible we are worshipping. We are not doing just an intellectual exercise. This letter was written by a great pastor in love with God’s people.

The first letter written by the Apostle Paul was Thessalonians but Romans is a letter that comes face to face with the key foundational truths of the Scriptures.

The Seven Keys of Romans

1. The Key Theme: The Gospel Of God

2. The Key Word: Righteousness

3. The Key Verses: Romans 1:16-17

4. The Key Chapter: 3

5. The Key Doctrine: Justification

6. The Key View: The Lord Our Righteousness – Romans 10:4

7. The Key Conclusion: Man is Justified By Faith apart from the Law

Romans is like the “boot camp” for the Christian – it is the basic training of the Christian.

Wrote in 56AD-58AD – near the end of Paul’s third missionary journey. Written from Corinth. The letter was carried by one of the deaconesses of the church in Cenchrea, Sister Phebe.


1. What is the most memorable letter you ever received? Why?

2. What was the most important letter you ever wrote?

On May 24th, 1738, a discouraged missionary went very unwillingly to a religious meeting in London. There a miracle took place. About a quarter before nine, he wrote in his journal, I felt my heart strangely warmed. I felt I did trust in Christ, Christ alone, for salvation; and an assurance was given to me that He had taken away my sins, even mine, and saved me from the law of sin and death.

That missionary was John Wesley. The message he heard that evening was the preface to Martin Luther’s commentary on Romans. Just a few months before, John Wesley had written in his journal: I went to America to convert the Indians, but Oh! who shall convert me? That evening in Aldersgate Street, his question was answered. And the result was the great Wesleyan Revival that swept England and transformed a nation.

Paul’s Epistle to the Romans has changed the lives of many. Augustine. Luther, John Bunyan and Wesley all trace their conversions to encounters with God’s truth in this letter. Countless other less famous men and women have encountered God in mighty ways through Romans.

The Multi-Racial Church At Rome

The church at Rome:

We don’t know as much as we would like to about its membership, but it was clearly multi-racial. The church founders were likely Jewish (see Acts 2:10), but we can imagine that Gentiles, non-Jews, became believers there as they did elsewhere during the early spread of the church. Certainly in the 40s, when the emperor Claudius expelled all the Jews from Rome, the remaining church was completely Gentile. Later, when Jewish Christians returned to Rome, the church was again multi-racial.

Consider the likely makeup of this church: many of the Jews would have been poor and lived in the Jewish ghetto outside the city, on the other side of the Tiber. And even those Jews who were better off financially still lived a fragile social existence. They could be run out of the city as a whole, and Jewish Christians could also be ostracized by non-Christian Jews who found these followers of Jesus too “different” for comfort. Gentile believers at this time would have fared better in society at Rome. Beyond that, we don’t know much about their specific life circumstances. But we do know that when Jewish and Gentile believers came together for worship, their differing cultures led them to express their Christian faith differently. And in the differences lay disagreements and conflicting attitudes.

Jewish Christians were tempted to think of themselves as superior, the “blue bloods” of the church—despite their precarious social existence in a Gentile world. After all, wasn’t it to Jews that God gave the Law? And weren’t Jews the true heirs of father Abraham?

Gentiles, on the other hand, might be tempted to get the bighead as the newcomers (with a touch of arrogance). They’ve gotten into the covenant community through Christ alone, without all the Law-keeping fuss of their old-fashioned Jewish siblings. So Paul must remind them to respect the Jews through whom Christ came and to respect their cherished practices, even though as Gentiles, such practices aren’t required.

In Romans we find a carefully constructed argument that answers the crucial question: Why did Jesus die?

Martyrs are people who know what they believe. They have come to embrace certain doctrines to the point that to rather than deny them they would give up their lives. The doctrine of justification is powerful to Paul.

In today’s society, I mean “Christian” society the hope is to get all the churches somehow together. We are willing to compromise doctrine so quickly for the sake of unity but we can not have true unity outside proper doctrine.

II Jn 1:9-11

9 Whoever transgresses and does not abide in the doctrine of Christ does not have God. He who abides in the doctrine of Christ has both the Father and the Son.

10 If anyone comes to you and does not bring this doctrine, do not receive him into your house nor greet him;

11 for he who greets him shares in his evil deeds.