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Exodus 21 - NIV

1 “These are the laws you are to set before them:

Hebrew Servants

2 “If you buy a Hebrew servant, he is to serve you for six years. But in the seventh year, he shall go free, without paying anything.

3 If he comes alone, he is to go free alone; but if he has a wife when he comes, she is to go with him.

4 If his master gives him a wife and she bears him sons or daughters, the woman and her children shall belong to her master, and only the man shall go free.

5 “But if the servant declares, ‘I love my master and my wife and children and do not want to go free,’

6 then his master must take him before the judges.[a] He shall take him to the door or the doorpost and pierce his ear with an awl. Then he will be his servant for life.

7 “If a man sells his daughter as a servant, she is not to go free as male servants do.

8 If she does not please the master who has selected her for himself,[b] he must let her be redeemed. He has no right to sell her to foreigners, because he has broken faith with her.

9 If he selects her for his son, he must grant her the rights of a daughter.

10 If he marries another woman, he must not deprive the first one of her food, clothing and marital rights.

11 If he does not provide her with these three things, she is to go free, without any payment of money.

Personal Injuries

12 “Anyone who strikes a person with a fatal blow is to be put to death.

13 However, if it is not done intentionally, but God lets it happen, they are to flee to a place I will designate.

14 But if anyone schemes and kills someone deliberately, that person is to be taken from my altar and put to death.

15 “Anyone who attacks[c] their father or mother is to be put to death.

16 “Anyone who kidnaps someone is to be put to death, whether the victim has been sold or is still in the kidnapper’s possession.

17 “Anyone who curses their father or mother is to be put to death.

18 “If people quarrel and one person hits another with a stone or with their fist[d] and the victim does not die but is confined to bed,

19 the one who struck the blow will not be held liable if the other can get up and walk around outside with a staff; however, the guilty party must pay the injured person for any loss of time and see that the victim is completely healed.

20 “Anyone who beats their male or female slave with a rod must be punished if the slave dies as a direct result,

21 but they are not to be punished if the slave recovers after a day or two, since the slave is their property.

22 “If people are fighting and hit a pregnant woman and she gives birth prematurely[e] but there is no serious injury, the offender must be fined whatever the woman’s husband demands and the court allows.

23 But if there is serious injury, you are to take life for life,

24 eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

25 burn for burn, wound for wound, bruise for bruise.

26 “An owner who hits a male or female slave in the eye and destroys it must let the slave go free to compensate for the eye.

27 And an owner who knocks out the tooth of a male or female slave must let the slave go free to compensate for the tooth.

28 “If a bull gores a man or woman to death, the bull is to be stoned to death, and its meat must not be eaten. But the owner of the bull will not be held responsible.

29 If, however, the bull has had the habit of goring and the owner has been warned but has not kept it penned up and it kills a man or woman, the bull is to be stoned and its owner also is to be put to death.

30 However, if payment is demanded, the owner may redeem his life by the payment of whatever is demanded.

31 This law also applies if the bull gores a son or daughter.

32 If the bull gores a male or female slave, the owner must pay thirty shekels[f] of silver to the master of the slave, and the bull is to be stoned to death.

33 “If anyone uncovers a pit or digs one and fails to cover it and an ox or a donkey falls into it,

34 the one who opened the pit must pay the owner for the loss and take the dead animal in exchange.

35 “If anyone’s bull injures someone else’s bull and it dies, the two parties are to sell the live one and divide both the money and the dead animal equally.

36 However, if it was known that the bull had the habit of goring, yet the owner did not keep it penned up, the owner must pay, animal for animal, and take the dead animal in exchange.


a. Exodus 21:6 Or before God
b. Exodus 21:8 Or master so that he does not choose her
c. Exodus 21:15 Or kills
d. Exodus 21:18 Or with a tool
e. Exodus 21:22 Or she has a miscarriage
f. Exodus 21:32 That is, about 12 ounces or about 345 grams

Sermons on Exodus 21 More sermons: Exodus 21

Kevin L. Jones avatar
Slaves Of Christ
Shared by: Kevin L. Jones on Feb, 2016
Summary: A sermon examining the relationship of a slave to his Master.
based on 5 ratings
Scripture: Exodus 21:1-6
Denomination: Baptist
Views: 3,214
Sean Harder avatar
Will You Follow Me?
Shared by: Sean Harder on Jul, 2013
Summary: Let’s as Christians stop whining about and judging all the disobedient people who don’t even claim his name. Forget about the homosexuals, the abortionists, you think God won’t take care of all that? Love them and he will take care of the judgment.
Scripture: Exodus 21:1-31:18
Denomination: *other
Views: 605
Ross Cochrane avatar
Exodus 21 - An Eye for an Eye! I want my revenge!
Shared by: Ross Cochrane on Dec, 2009
Summary: God speaks to me of recompense not vengeance, punishment but not cruelty, deterring crime and not accepting bad behaviour. As I love and serve Him I take on His character and I can be just and fair.
Series: Exodus
based on 7 ratings
Scripture: Exodus 21:1-36
Views: 2,985
Mark Hiehle avatar
The Sanctity of Life
Shared by: Mark Hiehle on Sep, 2009
Summary: This message is a walk thorough scripture examining the reality of life in the womb.
based on 3 ratings
Scripture: Exodus 21:22-25
Denomination: Nazarene
Views: 1,100
Shine Thomas avatar
How to respond when you are Discouraged?
Shared by: Shine Thomas on May, 2009
Summary: We are living in a success driven world. Everyone wants to be successful and people seldom want to speak about their failures. It is quite natural that if we do not find success in our ways we get discouraged and disappointed. Disappointment is the differ
based on 9 ratings
Scripture: Exodus 21:4-5
Denomination: Assembly Of God
Views: 3,401
Michael Russell avatar
Shared by: Michael Russell on Jan, 2009
Summary: A description and defense of the Old Testament’s laws on slavery; Jesus as the one who saves us from slavery to sin
based on 1 rating
Scripture: Exodus 21:1-16
Denomination: Episcopal/Anglican
Views: 1,347
Matthew Haynie avatar
Called To Be A Bondservant
Shared by: Matthew Haynie on Aug, 2007
Summary: When we clothe ourselves with Christ we put on the "livery" of Christ and in doing so we become His servants. This message is om outline form but has all the Illustrations written out.
Series: Discipleship
based on 8 ratings
Scripture: Exodus 21:6
Views: 3,177
Tom Fuller avatar
Living God on the Outside
Shared by: Tom Fuller on Oct, 2005
Summary: The Book of the Covenant is God’s Law applied to life. It shows us that in man’s sinful nature we try to exploit any system for our own gain. But if we would allow God’s life to live out from inside us, we would naturally love Him and love others - the h
Series: Exodus
based on 8 ratings
Scripture: Exodus 21:1-23:33
Denomination: Calvary Chapel
Views: 1,549
Bruce Landry avatar
God's Law, Property rights
Shared by: Bruce Landry on Dec, 2002
Summary: Let’s walk with Israel as God gives HIS vision of proper property laws. God will show what is expected in negligence, rights against theft and rights against harming the property of others or when your property is harmed. Needless to say it is a far cry
Series: Exodus: Law
based on 9 ratings
Scripture: Exodus 21:33-22:15
Denomination: Baptist
Views: 2,472
Bruce Landry avatar
Personal Rights Under the Law
Shared by: Bruce Landry on Dec, 2002
Summary: God gives his judges guidance in pertinent matters of Personal Rights. These rights were in regards to servants, maidservants, and criminal actions against other members of the community. Let us examine these laws to see what we may glean for the perfec
Series: Exodus 21
based on 13 ratings
Scripture: Exodus 21:1-32
Denomination: Baptist
Views: 2,683
Phil Morgan avatar
Pierce My Ear
Shared by: Phil Morgan on Nov, 2001
Summary: God is looking for a people who serve Him freely; who worship Him voluntarily; who love Him as a reflex of the heart. NOT because they cannot choose anything else, but because they decide FOR Him. No other voice can truly tell how great and worthy God is
based on 155 ratings
Scripture: Exodus 21:1-6
Denomination: Pentecostal
Views: 9,762
ryan dalgliesh avatar
Slaves to Sin or Slaves to Obedience
Shared by: ryan dalgliesh on Oct, 2001
Summary: A look at what it means to be a slave unto God.
based on 24 ratings
Denomination: Baptist
Views: 3,799
Andrew Chan avatar
PART 2 Law of death, spirit of life
Shared by: Andrew Chan on Jun, 2001
Summary: Part 2 in series on "What does the Bible really say about the death penalty?" In Part 1 we affirm life.
based on 45 ratings
Scripture: Exodus 21:12-17
Denomination: Evangelical Free
Views: 915
Andrew Chan avatar
PART 1: Affirmations for Life
Shared by: Andrew Chan on May, 2001
Summary: Part 1 of "What does the Bible really say about the death penalty" series - To understand the Bible’s teaching on capital punishment we must understand God’s heart and affirmation regarding life.
based on 49 ratings
Denomination: Evangelical Free
Views: 886
Troy Borst avatar
What should we think about abortion?
Shared by: Troy Borst on Jan, 2001
Summary: A reflection on current trends in abortion and what a Christian should know from Scripture.
based on 144 ratings
Views: 1,415
Royce Hendry avatar
What Does God Say?
Shared by: Royce Hendry on Jan, 2001
Summary: A look at what God says about the sanctity of human life.
based on 88 ratings
Denomination: Baptist
Views: 1,648