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Exodus 22 - NIV

Protection of Property

1 “Whoever steals an ox or a sheep and slaughters it or sells it must pay back five head of cattle for the ox and four sheep for the sheep.

2 “If a thief is caught breaking in at night and is struck a fatal blow, the defender is not guilty of bloodshed;

3 but if it happens after sunrise, the defender is guilty of bloodshed.
“Anyone who steals must certainly make restitution, but if they have nothing, they must be sold to pay for their theft.

4 If the stolen animal is found alive in their possession—whether ox or donkey or sheep—they must pay back double.

5 “If anyone grazes their livestock in a field or vineyard and lets them stray and they graze in someone else’s field, the offender must make restitution from the best of their own field or vineyard.

6 “If a fire breaks out and spreads into thornbushes so that it burns shocks of grain or standing grain or the whole field, the one who started the fire must make restitution.

7 “If anyone gives a neighbor silver or goods for safekeeping and they are stolen from the neighbor’s house, the thief, if caught, must pay back double.

8 But if the thief is not found, the owner of the house must appear before the judges, and they must[a] determine whether the owner of the house has laid hands on the other person’s property.

9 In all cases of illegal possession of an ox, a donkey, a sheep, a garment, or any other lost property about which somebody says, ‘This is mine,’ both parties are to bring their cases before the judges.[b] The one whom the judges declare[c] guilty must pay back double to the other.

10 “If anyone gives a donkey, an ox, a sheep or any other animal to their neighbor for safekeeping and it dies or is injured or is taken away while no one is looking,

11 the issue between them will be settled by the taking of an oath before the Lord that the neighbor did not lay hands on the other person’s property. The owner is to accept this, and no restitution is required.

12 But if the animal was stolen from the neighbor, restitution must be made to the owner.

13 If it was torn to pieces by a wild animal, the neighbor shall bring in the remains as evidence and shall not be required to pay for the torn animal.

14 “If anyone borrows an animal from their neighbor and it is injured or dies while the owner is not present, they must make restitution.

15 But if the owner is with the animal, the borrower will not have to pay. If the animal was hired, the money paid for the hire covers the loss.

Social Responsibility

16 “If a man seduces a virgin who is not pledged to be married and sleeps with her, he must pay the bride-price, and she shall be his wife.

17 If her father absolutely refuses to give her to him, he must still pay the bride-price for virgins.

18 “Do not allow a sorceress to live.

19 “Anyone who has sexual relations with an animal is to be put to death.

20 “Whoever sacrifices to any god other than the Lord must be destroyed.[d]

21 “Do not mistreat or oppress a foreigner, for you were foreigners in Egypt.

22 “Do not take advantage of the widow or the fatherless.

23 If you do and they cry out to me, I will certainly hear their cry.

24 My anger will be aroused, and I will kill you with the sword; your wives will become widows and your children fatherless.

25 “If you lend money to one of my people among you who is needy, do not treat it like a business deal; charge no interest.

26 If you take your neighbor’s cloak as a pledge, return it by sunset,

27 because that cloak is the only covering your neighbor has. What else can they sleep in? When they cry out to me, I will hear, for I am compassionate.

28 “Do not blaspheme God[e] or curse the ruler of your people.

29 “Do not hold back offerings from your granaries or your vats.[f]
“You must give me the firstborn of your sons.

30 Do the same with your cattle and your sheep. Let them stay with their mothers for seven days, but give them to me on the eighth day.

31 “You are to be my holy people. So do not eat the meat of an animal torn by wild beasts; throw it to the dogs.


a. Exodus 22:8 Or before God, and he will
b. Exodus 22:9 Or whom God declares
c. Exodus 22:9 Or before God
d. Exodus 22:20 The Hebrew term refers to the irrevocable giving over of things or persons to the Lord, often by totally destroying them.
e. Exodus 22:28 Or Do not revile the judges
f. Exodus 22:29 The meaning of the Hebrew for this phrase is uncertain.

Sermons on Exodus 22 More sermons: Exodus 22

Rick Crandall avatar
Moses on the Mountain with the Lord - Part 4
Shared by: Rick Crandall on Aug, 2011
Summary: 1. God cares about our devotion to Him. 2. God cares about defending our relationships. 3. God cares about a greater degree of His goodness.
Scripture: Exodus 20:18-22:24
Denomination: Baptist
Views: 817
Jon Miller avatar
God's Response to Crime
Shared by: Jon Miller on Mar, 2011
Summary: The Message is part of a sermon series through the book of Exodus. The context of the message comes from Exodus 22 and looks at how God wanted the nation of Israel to handle Crime.
based on 1 rating
Scripture: Exodus 22:1-14
Views: 699
Ross Cochrane avatar
Exodus 22, 23 - What, you mean God is interested in my life?
Shared by: Ross Cochrane on Dec, 2009
Summary: What these chapters say to me is that there is no part of my life that God is not interested in. He wants to guide my thinking and actions in terms of my relationships with others and with Him.
Series: Exodus
based on 14 ratings
Scripture: Exodus 22:1-23:33
Views: 3,579
Phillip Krueger avatar
The Christian Resistance: How To Say "No" To Evil
Shared by: Phillip Krueger on Feb, 2009
Summary: How to deal with evil people/situations in such a way as to still leave the door open for God to work in a constructive way.
based on 1 rating
Scripture: Exodus 22:28
Views: 1,017
Rodney Johnson avatar
12 Steps to Recovery Part 8
Shared by: Rodney Johnson on Apr, 2008
Summary: Step 8 focuses on our making of list of those we have hurt during our addiction and being willing to make amends.
based on 1 rating
Scripture: Exodus 22:10-15
Views: 908
Billy  Ricks avatar
Godly Ways in the Wilderness of Life
Shared by: Billy Ricks on May, 2005
Summary: When we try to live life in our own power, it only leads to a wilderness of complaining, moaning and groaning. However, as we allow God to have control supernatural results happen. People see us from a distance and say man they are really getting it don
based on 7 ratings
Scripture: Exodus 22:15-27
Denomination: Baptist
Views: 1,926
Timm Meyer avatar
We Believe the Lord Will Provide
Shared by: Timm Meyer on Feb, 2005
Summary: LENT 1(B) - With complete trust, total obedience, and receiving God’s mercy we believe the Lord will provide.
based on 10 ratings
Scripture: Exodus 22:1-14
Denomination: Lutheran
Views: 2,126
Jamie Wright avatar
Double Time
Shared by: Jamie Wright on Aug, 2004
Summary: In baseball a double is one more base than a singl. A double play is on more out than normal. In our walk with Christ the scripture promises Doble blessings and a double inheritance. Look at the Word of God with Pastor Jamie as he declares, "It is Doub
Joseph Smith avatar
Listening For Abuse
Shared by: Joseph Smith on Nov, 2003
Summary: Many of us are only a short step from the abuse of other races, of women, or of children. We must listen to our own hearts and must correct this by exposure to others and to the power of Christ.
based on 5 ratings
Denomination: Baptist
Views: 1,191
Bruce Landry avatar
God's Laws: Stay Free of Impurity, Usury, and Idolatry
Shared by: Bruce Landry on Jan, 2003
Summary: We will examine the laws relative to proper conduct of the people within the Nation of Israel and how they are to treat each other, neighbors, and God.
based on 12 ratings
Scripture: Exodus 22:16-31
Denomination: Baptist
Views: 2,398
Bruce Landry avatar
God's Law, Property rights
Shared by: Bruce Landry on Dec, 2002
Summary: Let’s walk with Israel as God gives HIS vision of proper property laws. God will show what is expected in negligence, rights against theft and rights against harming the property of others or when your property is harmed. Needless to say it is a far cry
Series: Exodus: Law
based on 9 ratings
Scripture: Exodus 21:33-22:15
Denomination: Baptist
Views: 2,472
Mike Hullah avatar
Big Plans, Broken Dreams and a Bruised Spirit
Shared by: Mike Hullah on Dec, 2002
Summary: What do you do when apparant failure strikes. Learn from Moses example.
based on 163 ratings
Scripture: Exodus 2:11-22:25
Views: 5,503
William Baeta avatar
Love of neighbour
Shared by: William Baeta on Oct, 2002
Summary: “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind. This is the first and great commandment. And the second is like it: you shall love your neighbour as yourself. On these two commandments hang all the Law an
based on 30 ratings
Denomination: Presbyterian/Reformed
Views: 2,633
Carl Kelleher avatar
The Master's Plan for your Life.
Shared by: Carl Kelleher on Jan, 2002
Summary: God has a Master Plan for our Lives. But if we don’t seek His Direction, we will be sure to wander all of our lives
based on 150 ratings
Denomination: Pentecostal
Views: 12,498
Dr. Craig  Nelson avatar
The Harry Potter Compromise
Shared by: Dr. Craig Nelson on Dec, 2001
Summary: Spiritual Pornography
based on 215 ratings
Views: 2,145
Andrew Chan avatar
To exploit or not to exploit
Shared by: Andrew Chan on Jun, 2001
Summary: The text teaches us how to be a community of faith that is distinct, i.e. freed up folks in Christ by choosing the way of non-exploitation.
based on 35 ratings
Scripture: Exodus 22:18-31
Denomination: Evangelical Free
Views: 1,106
Andrew Chan avatar
A Biblical Response to Crime – Restitution
Shared by: Andrew Chan on Jun, 2001
Summary: Consider the biblical principle of restitution in the wake of rising prison population and what we as Christians can do
based on 55 ratings
Scripture: Exodus 22:1-15
Denomination: Evangelical Free
Views: 3,293
Lindeal Greer avatar
Shared by: Lindeal Greer on Feb, 2001
Summary: I know I should come to God and live right, but I just keep putting it off.
based on 49 ratings
Views: 776