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Luke 20 - NIV

The Authority of Jesus Questioned

1 One day as Jesus was teaching the people in the temple courts and proclaiming the good news, the chief priests and the teachers of the law, together with the elders, came up to him.

2 “Tell us by what authority you are doing these things,” they said. “Who gave you this authority?”

3 He replied, “I will also ask you a question. Tell me:

4 John’s baptism—was it from heaven, or of human origin?”

5 They discussed it among themselves and said, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ he will ask, ‘Why didn’t you believe him?’

6 But if we say, ‘Of human origin,’ all the people will stone us, because they are persuaded that John was a prophet.”

7 So they answered, “We don’t know where it was from.”

8 Jesus said, “Neither will I tell you by what authority I am doing these things.”

The Parable of the Tenants

9 He went on to tell the people this parable: “A man planted a vineyard, rented it to some farmers and went away for a long time.

10 At harvest time he sent a servant to the tenants so they would give him some of the fruit of the vineyard. But the tenants beat him and sent him away empty-handed.

11 He sent another servant, but that one also they beat and treated shamefully and sent away empty-handed.

12 He sent still a third, and they wounded him and threw him out.

13 “Then the owner of the vineyard said, ‘What shall I do? I will send my son, whom I love; perhaps they will respect him.’

14 “But when the tenants saw him, they talked the matter over. ‘This is the heir,’ they said. ‘Let’s kill him, and the inheritance will be ours.’

15 So they threw him out of the vineyard and killed him.
“What then will the owner of the vineyard do to them?

16 He will come and kill those tenants and give the vineyard to others.”
When the people heard this, they said, “God forbid!”

17 Jesus looked directly at them and asked, “Then what is the meaning of that which is written:

“‘The stone the builders rejected
has become the cornerstone’[a] ?

18 Everyone who falls on that stone will be broken to pieces; anyone on whom it falls will be crushed.”

19 The teachers of the law and the chief priests looked for a way to arrest him immediately, because they knew he had spoken this parable against them. But they were afraid of the people.

Paying Taxes to Caesar

20 Keeping a close watch on him, they sent spies, who pretended to be sincere. They hoped to catch Jesus in something he said, so that they might hand him over to the power and authority of the governor.

21 So the spies questioned him: “Teacher, we know that you speak and teach what is right, and that you do not show partiality but teach the way of God in accordance with the truth.

22 Is it right for us to pay taxes to Caesar or not?”

23 He saw through their duplicity and said to them,

24 “Show me a denarius. Whose image and inscription are on it?”
“Caesar’s,” they replied.

25 He said to them, “Then give back to Caesar what is Caesar’s, and to God what is God’s.”

26 They were unable to trap him in what he had said there in public. And astonished by his answer, they became silent.

The Resurrection and Marriage

27 Some of the Sadducees, who say there is no resurrection, came to Jesus with a question.

28 “Teacher,” they said, “Moses wrote for us that if a man’s brother dies and leaves a wife but no children, the man must marry the widow and raise up offspring for his brother.

29 Now there were seven brothers. The first one married a woman and died childless.

30 The second

31 and then the third married her, and in the same way the seven died, leaving no children.

32 Finally, the woman died too.

33 Now then, at the resurrection whose wife will she be, since the seven were married to her?”

34 Jesus replied, “The people of this age marry and are given in marriage.

35 But those who are considered worthy of taking part in the age to come and in the resurrection from the dead will neither marry nor be given in marriage,

36 and they can no longer die; for they are like the angels. They are God’s children, since they are children of the resurrection.

37 But in the account of the burning bush, even Moses showed that the dead rise, for he calls the Lord ‘the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.’[b]

38 He is not the God of the dead, but of the living, for to him all are alive.”

39 Some of the teachers of the law responded, “Well said, teacher!”

40 And no one dared to ask him any more questions.

Whose Son Is the Messiah?

41 Then Jesus said to them, “Why is it said that the Messiah is the son of David?

42 David himself declares in the Book of Psalms:

“‘The Lord said to my Lord:
“Sit at my right hand

43 until I make your enemies
a footstool for your feet.”?’[c]

44 David calls him ‘Lord.’ How then can he be his son?”

Warning Against the Teachers of the Law

45 While all the people were listening, Jesus said to his disciples,

46 “Beware of the teachers of the law. They like to walk around in flowing robes and love to be greeted with respect in the marketplaces and have the most important seats in the synagogues and the places of honor at banquets.

47 They devour widows’ houses and for a show make lengthy prayers. These men will be punished most severely.”


a. Luke 20:17 Psalm?118:22
b. Luke 20:37 Exodus?3:6
c. Luke 20:43 Psalm?110:1

Sermons on Luke 20 More sermons: Luke 20

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Resurrection Relationships
Shared by: Kerry Haynes on Nov, 2016
Summary: Will there be marriage in heaven? Jesus suggests there will be something better. Scripture points us to a bodily resurrection, with believers bound in intimate relationships to God and each other. Death has lost its sting! We will live forever with God!
Gordon McCulloch avatar
Death has lost its sting, we are all resurrected, but to where.
Shared by: Gordon McCulloch on Nov, 2016
Summary: What we believe about death and resurrection affects more of our lives than we think. This is a controversial subject, but it needs to be discussed and understood. Why is this important and what actually happens when we die, according to the bible?
Revd. Martin Dale avatar
The Sadducean Marriage problem
Shared by: Revd. Martin Dale on Nov, 2016
Summary: The reason this story is recorded by Luke is because it goes to the heart of the Christian faith
Scripture: Luke 20:27-38
Denomination: Anglican
Views: 188
J Jeffrey  Smead avatar
Resurrection Eyes
Shared by: J Jeffrey Smead on Nov, 2016
Summary: As we wrestle with the question of resurrection and after life, we come to the point that life can be lived with a certain amount of hope, adventure,daring and confidence. See this world and this life through our Lord's eyes. Through resurrection eyes.
Ernie Arnold avatar
Afterlife, Sex and Resurrection
Shared by: Ernie Arnold on Oct, 2016
Summary: In this passage Jesus reveals to us some insight about the Resurrected Life and Heaven - 1. Resurrected Life is not like our earthly life 2. Angels so exist 3. Resurrection is real and therefore there will be a time of reward or punishment
based on 1 rating
Denomination: *other
Views: 4,040
Christopher Holdsworth avatar
An Essential Article of the Christian Faith
Shared by: Christopher Holdsworth on Aug, 2016
Summary: Death is not the end.
based on 7 ratings
Scripture: Luke 20:27-38
Views: 1,588
Freddy Fritz avatar
Beware of the Scribes
Shared by: Freddy Fritz on Jan, 2016
Summary: Jesus' disapproval of the scribes and approval of the poor widow in Luke 20:45-21:4 warns us about the despotic authority of religious leadership.
based on 2 ratings
Scripture: Luke 20:45-21:4
Denomination: Presbyterian/Reformed
Views: 889
Freddy Fritz avatar
Whose Son Is the Christ?
Shared by: Freddy Fritz on Dec, 2015
Summary: The question about David's son in Luke 20:41-44 teaches us that Jesus is David's son and also David's Lord.
Freddy Fritz avatar
Sadducees Ask About the Resurrection
Shared by: Freddy Fritz on Dec, 2015
Summary: The question about the resurrection in Luke 20:27-40 teaches us that there is indeed a resurrection.
Scripture: Luke 20:27-40
Denomination: Presbyterian/Reformed
Views: 656
Freddy Fritz avatar
Paying Taxes to Caesar
Shared by: Freddy Fritz on Dec, 2015
Summary: The question about taxes to Caesar in Luke 20:19-26 shows us the distinction between the authority of the government and the authority of God.
Freddy Fritz avatar
The Authority of Jesus Challenged
Shared by: Freddy Fritz on Nov, 2015
Summary: The challenge to Jesus' authority in Luke 20:1-18 shows us that Jesus' authority comes from God.
Craig Condon avatar
A Brief Glimpse of Heaven
Shared by: Craig Condon on Oct, 2015
Summary: In order for us to understand the resurrection, we have to expand our ideas about who and what God is and what we can do. We can’t limit God with our own limited human reasoning. God continually surprises us. The future he has planned for us is glorious.
Craig Condon avatar
A Big Riddle about Heaven
Shared by: Craig Condon on Oct, 2015
Summary: Jesus said that marriage is for people here on earth. But in the age to come, those who are raised from the dead will not marry or be married. Not only that, but they will never die again. They will live forever as the children of God.
Craig Condon avatar
What Will Heaven Be Like
Shared by: Craig Condon on Mar, 2015
Summary: We are to continue being children of God here on earth so that we will be in his arms when we die. Those who are willing to give their lives to God now will find that God will be there for them when the journey of their earthly life is over.
Scripture: Luke 20:27-38
Denomination: Anglican
Views: 971
William R. Nabaza avatar
Destroy the husbandmen of the vineyard
Shared by: William R. Nabaza on Dec, 2014
Summary: To show that rejection of another is our blessing and acceptance.
William R. Nabaza avatar
The Rejected Chief Cornerstone
Shared by: William R. Nabaza on Dec, 2014
Summary: To show that they rejected JESUS but JESUS became the Founder and Leader of CHRISTians's faith around the world.
Dennis Davidson avatar
Shared by: Dennis Davidson on Nov, 2014
Summary: In response to the questioning of His authority by the scribes & Pharisees after His cleansing of the Temple, Jesus tells a parable. This parable summaries the whole of biblical history including the gospel story.
Series: Parables
based on 5 ratings
Scripture: Luke 20:9-18
Denomination: Baptist
Views: 6,106
Scott Bayles avatar
The Tenants
Shared by: Scott Bayles on Oct, 2014
Summary: The fifth in a series on the Parables of Jesus, this four-point expository sermon explores the parable of vineyard tenants, focusing on the property, patience, persistence and punishment of God.
Mark A. Barber avatar
By What Authority?
Shared by: Mark A. Barber on Aug, 2014
Summary: Who is Jesus? Was He just a man. Or was He a myth? Or is He the Divine Christ?
David Taylor avatar
Sacrificial Generosity
Shared by: David Taylor on Feb, 2014
Summary: Being an Authentic Follower of Jesus: Sacrificial Generosity
Scripture: Luke 20:45-21:4
Views: 459
David Taylor avatar
Jesus Cleansing the Temple
Shared by: David Taylor on Feb, 2014
Summary: Being an Authentic Follower of Jesus: Jesus Cleansing the Temple
Amiri Hooker avatar
Marriage and Sex the Ultimate Curve Ball
Shared by: Amiri Hooker on Jan, 2014
Summary: This is a sermon about the after life and the view that Marriage is practice for loving God. The Sermon looks at the responsibility of church leaders to not get sidelined by folks trying to use spin to keep them from focusing on loving God.
Charles J. Tomlin avatar
“Answer In the Questions”
Shared by: Charles J. Tomlin on Dec, 2013
Summary: This is a sermon about living with unanswered questions by focusing on Jesus as the great answer to human need and doubt.
Scripture: Luke 20:27-38
Denomination: Baptist
Views: 870
Gary Smith avatar
Jesus, The Cornerstone
Shared by: Gary Smith on Nov, 2013
Summary: Jesus is indeed the Rock of Ages. Jesus will be the rock that crushes in judgment or He will be the rock, the foundation of our faith.
based on 3 ratings
Scripture: Luke 20:1-19
Denomination: Church Of God
Views: 1,028
Daniel Habben avatar
How Can I Be Certain of Life after Death?
Shared by: Daniel Habben on Nov, 2013
Summary: How Can I Be Certain of Life after Death? 1) Trust God's Power; 2) Trust God's Pronouncements
Scripture: Luke 20:27-38
Denomination: Lutheran
Views: 667
Joe Tilton avatar
All In
Shared by: Joe Tilton on Nov, 2013
Summary: Sadducees disagreed--with nearly everybody. They had their version of the Torah, much like the Samaritans. So the question must be asked; want to argue or be "all in" the service of our God?
Scripture: Luke 20:27-38
Denomination: *other
Views: 516
Judith Hand avatar
Remembered Prominence, Ridiculous Preconception, Reliable Promises
Shared by: Judith Hand on Nov, 2013
Summary: Looking ahead to a new temple, a new kind of existence, and the promise of a new home in heaven.
Scripture: Luke 20:27-38
Denomination: Methodist
Views: 682
Rev Ken Shedenhelm avatar
Shared by: Rev Ken Shedenhelm on Jun, 2013
Summary: The joy and love and peace that awaits us in heaven is beyond our imagination! It supersedes anything we have known on earth.
Scripture: Luke 20:27-38
Denomination: Presbyterian/Reformed
Views: 1,126
Christopher Martin avatar
The Parable of the Wicked Servants
Shared by: Christopher Martin on Mar, 2013
Summary: A Sermon for the 5th Sunday in Lent, Series C preached 3/17/2013 at Emmons Lutheran Church, Emmons, Minnesota.
based on 1 rating
Scripture: Luke 3:2 Luke 20:9-20
Denomination: Lutheran
Views: 1,039
Paul Clemente avatar
No Riddles With Christ
Shared by: Paul Clemente on Mar, 2013
Summary: There are no riddles with Christ because He will always tell the truth and no one can outsmart Jesus because He is God!
Scripture: Luke 20:27-47
Denomination: Evangelical Free
Views: 1,520