Note: Many of Jesus conflicts with "the Pharisees" were with the School of Shammai; Jesus almost always agreed with Hillel (except on divorce). From the Jewish Encyclopedia:
"…the Shammaites proposed to prevent all communication between Jew and Gentile, by prohibiting the Jews from buying any article of food or drink from their heathen neighbors. "
In contrast, the School of Hillel promoted peace and compassion. The School of Shammai was so strict and harsh that they trapped some followers of Hillel and had them killed.
The Talmud and modern Judaism descended from the School of Hillel.
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