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Summary: This text encourages believers to give their best in Christian service.

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9For we are God’s servants, working together; you are God’s field, God’s building. 10According to the grace of God given to me, like a skilled master builder I laid a foundation, and someone else is building on it. Each builder must choose with care how to build on it. 11For no one can lay any foundation other than the one that has been laid; that foundation is Jesus Christ. 12Now if anyone builds on the foundation with gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, straw— 13the work of each builder will become visible, for the Day will disclose it, because it will be revealed with fire, and the fire will test what sort of work each has done. 14If what has been built on the foundation survives, the builder will receive a reward. 15If the work is burned up, the builder will suffer loss; the builder will be saved, but only as through fire (1st Corinthians 3:9-15)

In this segment of his letter to the Christians in Corinth, we see that the Apostle Paul, uses multiple metaphors to explain his concerns. In prior verses 1-8, Paul uses imagery of nurturing infants and agriculture to describe their state of immaturity and the collegial process by which ministry should be conducted. In verse 9, Paul transitions from imagery/themes of agriculture to architecture. Architecture was an excellent reference point for the Corinthians, especially since the Corinthian columns were one of the three famous Greek styles (Doric and Ionic were the other two column styles) for buildings. In short, Paul used multiple angles in an attempt to engage his audience.

Paul expands the edifice metaphor by identifying roles and responsibilities in the construction process. He does this to help the audience understand that the church was established upon the salvific work of Jesus Christ, and that the job of the believers is to build upon that work – ‘we are God’s servants, working together’.

Interestingly, Paul states that in this construction initiative, each builder has options concerning the type of material used. The materials are as follows:

1. Gold

2. Silver

3. Precious Stones

4. Wood

5. Hay

6. Straw

Paul says that the materials used will be quality tested by fire to ensure that they meet the standards of kingdom construction projects. The heat and light of God’s fire will reveal all.

If we look at these material options in terms of toughness, we see that God’s fire will identify enduring service. Service that starts out enthusiastically and then fades when the applause and novelty fade away will be distinguished from service that continues faithfully through times of comfort and trial.

If we look at these material options in terms of market value, we see that God’s fire will identify extravagant service. Service that is ad hoc, over promises and under-delivers will be distinguished from service that is prayerfully planned, under promises and over-delivers.

If we look at these materials options in terms of accessibility, we see that God’s fire will identify extraordinary service. Service that is done casually and with minimal effort will be distinguished from service that produced blood, sweat and tears.


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