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Summary: Jesus provides us with the new and better covenant

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a better Covenant

Hebrews 7-10

Hebrews 8:6

But Jesus has now obtained a more excellent ministry, and to that degree he is the mediator of a better covenant, which has been enacted through

better promises.

A better covenant

Old Covenant

Priest from Levi

same priest, same law (7:12)

legal, physical descent (7:16)

New Covenant

Priest from Judah

new priest, new law (7:12)

power of an indestructible life

Hebrews 7:18-19

On the one hand, a former commandment is set aside because of its weakness and uselessness (for the law made nothing perfect); but on the other hand, a better hope is introduced, through which we draw near to God.

A better covenant

Old Covenant

Priest from Levi

same priest, same law (7:12)

legal, physical descent (7:16)

former priests were many in number because of death (7:23)

Not Perfect, weak, temporal (7:11, 8:6, 7)

new covenant

Priest from Judah

new priest, new law (7:12)

power of an indestructible life

He holds his priesthood permanently, because he continues forever. (7:24)

Faultless , Perfect, Strong, Useful, eternal

Hebrews 8:8-12

“The time is coming, declares the Lord,

when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah.

9 It will not be like the covenant I made with their forefathers when I took them by the hand to lead them out of Egypt, because they did not remain faithful to my covenant, and I turned away from them, declares the Lord.

Hebrews 8:8-12

10 This is the covenant I will make with the house of Israel

after that time, declares the Lord.

I will put my laws in their minds

and write them on their hearts.

I will be their God,

and they will be my people.

Hebrews 8:8-12

11 No longer will a man teach his neighbor,

or a man his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’

because they will all know me,

from the least of them to the greatest.

12 For I will forgive their wickedness

and will remember their sins no more.”

Jer. 31:31-34

A better covenant

old covenant

Priest from Levi

same priest, same law (7:12)

legal, physical descent (7:16)

former priests were many in number because of death (7:23)

Not Perfect, weak, temporal (7:11, 8:6, 7)

new covenant

Priest from Judah

new priest, new law (7:12)

power of an indestructible life

He holds his priesthood permanently, because he continues forever. (7:24)

Faultless , Perfect, Strong, Useful, eternal

A better covenant

old covenant

not able to clear the conscience of the worshiper… external regulations (9:9,10)

Requires death every year

Man-made sanctuary (9:24)

Entered again and again(9:25)

Brought death and judgment

new covenant

the time of the new order (9:10)…internal regulations “For I will forgive their wickedness and will remember their sins no more.” (8:12)

Required death once (see 9:16, 26)

Entered Heaven itself (9:24)

Enters once (9:25)

Brings Salvation (9:27-28)

Hebrews 9:14

How much more, then, will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself unblemished to God, cleanse our consciences from acts that lead to death, b so that we may serve the living God!

b Or from useless rituals

A better covenant

Old Covenant

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