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Summary: Synopsis of the Book of Exodus

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A Jet Tour Thru Exodus

I. The Name of the Book - Exodus

A. Origin of the name - used by Septuagint translators; word also used of the Exodus in Heb. 11:22.

B. Hebrew Title – These are the names (1:1)

C. Meaning of the name - Exit, Departure, the Going Out.

II. The Author of the Book - Moses

A. His authorship affirmed in the Scripture

1. By Joshua (Josh. 8:31-35; Ex. 20:24-25)

2. By Jesus (Mk. 12:26; Ex. 3:2-6)

B. His character revealed in the Scripture

1. A Levite (Ex. 2:1-2)

2. Reared in Pharaoh’s house (Ex. 2:10; Acts 7:21)

3. Highly Educated (Acts 7:22)

4. Mighty in word and deed (Acts 7:22)

5. A hesitant leader (Ex. 3 & 4)

6. A man of faith (Heb. 11:23-29)

7. The meekest man (Num 12:3)

III. The Recipients of the Book – Nation of Israel

IV. The Date of the Book - 1450 — 1400 B.C.

A. The law was given 430 yrs. after God’s covenant with Abraham (Gal. 3:17)

B. Abraham’s descendants were to be in bondage about 400 years (Acts 7:5-7)

C. When Jephthah was judge, Israel had already possessed the land for 300 years (Jud 11:26)

D. Construction on Solomon’s temple was begun 480 years after the Exodus (I Ki 6:1)

V. The Keys to the Book

A. Key Verses - (3:8; 19:1-6)

B. Key Words

1. Deliver - 16 times

2. Command - 60 times

3. Redeem - l0 times

4. Tabernacle - 91 times

5. Law - 7 times

C. Key Persons

1. Moses - 290

2. Aaron – 116

VI. The Purpose of the Book

A. To prove God’s faithfulness in keeping His covenant with Abraham (Gen. 15:12-16)

B. To show God’s total triumph over the “gods” of the Egyptians (Ex. 5 - 12)

C. To record God’s redemptive deliverance of Israel from Egyptian bondage (Ex. 11-12)

D. To codify the Law given by God to Moses (Ex. 20-24)

E. To provide a pattern & plan for the construction of the Tabernacle (Ex. 25-40)

VII. The Outline of the Book

A. The Jeopardy of God People - Exodus 1-3

1. The Children of Israel (Ex. 1)

· Their growth (vv. 1-7 )

· Their groaning (vv. 8-22)

2. The child Moses (Ex 2:1-10)

· His Danger (vv. 1-4)

· His Deliverance (vv. 5-9)

· His Designation - Moses = “drawn out” (v. 10)

· His Development (v. 10; Acts 7:22)

3. The choice of Moses (Ex 2:11-15; Heb 11:23-26; Acts 7:23-28)

· Expressed in his killing of an Egyptian (vv. 11-12)

· Expressed in his kindness toward an Israelite (vv. 13-15)

4. The call of Moses

· The visit to the desert (2:16-22)

· The vision of the burning bush (3:1-3)

· The voice of God (3:4-10)

5. The complaints of Moses

· “Excuse me Lord, I can’t do that!” = “I am personally inferior!”(3:11-12)

· “Excuse me Lord, I don’t even know your Name!” = “I have limited religious insight!” (3:13-14)

· “Excuse me Lord, no one will believe me!” = “I have no influence with people!” (3:15- 4:9)

· “Excuse me Lord, my speech is slow!” “I have a physical handicap!” (4:10-12)

· “Excuse me Lord, send someone else!” = “I just don’t want to go!” (4:13-17)

B. The Judgment of God on Pharaoh -Exodus 4-12

1. The plague of blood - against the Egyptian gods Milus & Osirus (Ex 7:8-25)

2. The plague of frogs- against the Egyptian god Heki (Ex 8:1-15)

3. The plague of lice - against the Egyptian god Seb (Ex 8:16-19)


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