Summary: In this parable Jesus is comparing the younger son to the tax collectors and sinners who came to Jesus. The elder son represented the Pharisees and religious rulers who continually found fault with the teachings of Jesus.
A Parable of Two Sons
Luke 15:1-2, 11-32
“Tax collectors and other notorious sinners often came to listen to Jesus teach. This made the Pharisaical teachers of religious law complain that Jesus was associating with such despicable people – even eating with them.” Luke 15:1-2
The Pharisees and religious teachers believed a person was guilty of having a similar character as the people he associated with.
Outcast and low life people felt comfortable around Jesus. The authentic and vibrant love of Jesus attracted people despised by society. The common person saw the contrast in the compassion of Jesus and the judgmental attitude of the religious leaders.
In Luke 15 Jesus gave three stories, the lost sheep, the lost coin and the lost son, illustrating his mission to seek and to save lost people and not the religious.
This morning I want to comment on the parable of the prodigal son. The parable is divided into two parts. The fist part is about the younger son and the second part is about the older son. The younger son represented the tax collectors and sinners who came to Jesus. The elder son represented the Pharisees and religious rulers who continually found fault with the teachings of Jesus.
I. The Prodigal Son – younger brother
From the context of this story we know the prodigal’s father was wealthy and part of the upper class of his day. He was a man of prestige and great influence.
The father was very generous and gave his younger son his part of the family inheritance. The younger son was saying, “It’s my life and my money.” The fact was he was going to live off his father’s wealth. He was not spending his own money he was wasting his father’s money. The rebellious son took his money and spent it all in living on the wild side. After he had spent all and was desperate he found a job. The job he took was the lowest of the low of all jobs for a Jew, caring for pigs.
Jolene Horn, writing in Today’s Christian Woman’s magazine, relates the story of the time she read to her daughter the parable of the Prodigal Son. Before putting her daughter to bed she read how the young son had taken his inheritance and left home. Finally, when he couldn’t even eat as well as pigs, he went home to his father, who welcomed him. When Jolene Horn finished reading the story, she asked her daughter what she had learned from the story. The daughter answered: “Never leave home without your credit card!”
The young son’s search for freedom quickly turned to bondage and destitution. His hitting bottom became his salvation. “When he came to his senses…” Luke 15:17 The rebellious son finally reached a teachable moment. He stopped blaming others for his situation. He accepted his responsibility for his problem.
“He came to his senses…” He realized he didn’t have to continue to eat with pigs. He could become a hired hand and servant for his father and eat better and have a warm bunk bed to sleep on at night. The young son turned around, he humbled himself and returned to his father.
Turning from sinful living and turning to God is what the Bible calls repentance. The younger son said he would confess his sin to God and to his father and face the consequences.