Summary: Second of A 4 WEEK STUDY ON THE PERSON AND WORK OF SATAN AND HIS FALLEN STATUS. Wherever these themes are: ADVERSARY, PRIDE, DARKNESS, LIES, Satan is.
I SAW SATAN FALL! Series
2. A PRIDE EXAMPLE
If you grew up reading this passage in the KJV, you would no doubt remember the passage saying, “How art thou fallen O Lucifer, son of the morning?”
Walter Kaiser states that “The key word hêlēl, meaning “Howl” which would read (“Howl, son of the morning, for your fall”). It is connected with the verb to shine and so a howling star would be a “bright star,” the one which marks daybreak. The Latin term for hêlēl, became Lucifer.
But is this passage referring to the king of Babylon (referred to in verse 4), or does it refer to Satan?
Have you ever known in the Bible where a prophet has referred in one place to two different events? Say one in the near present and one in distant future? Sure. Isaiah does it a lot with speaking of the present king in Israel and of the Messiah to come.
When Isaiah prophesies that a virgin will conceive and give birth to a son… he speaks of a present unwed woman and of Mary the mother of Jesus. When Isaiah speaks of a king coming who will have the government on his shoulders he speaks of the coming king in Israel (Josiah) and again of the Messiah.
When Isaiah saw the king of Babylon, he saw a king who possessed an enormous amount of disgusting pride and arrogance. This king’s aspirations far exceeded his stature and ability, and when he did this it paralleled the ultimate ruler with an exaggerated sense of his own accomplishments: Satan.
Just as there was a long messianic line in the Old Testament, and everyone who belonged to that line were small snapshot photos of The One to come and yet not that One (like David and Solomon), so there was an anti-messianic line of kings in the line of antichrist and Satan. The king of Babylon was one in a long line of earthly kings who stood opposed to God and all that He stood for.
That’s what is happening here: Isaiah is speaking truth in a limited sense of the king of Babylon, but truth ultimately to the one who would totally fulfill this line of evil, arrogant kings. Just as the king of Babylon wanted equality with God, Satan’s desire to match God’s authority had precipitated his fall. All this served as a model for the antichrist, who would imitate Satan. And this Babylonian king, in his craving for power, was one evil king in long line of evil kings.
Ezekiel 28:11-19 is another example, where a prophecy against the king of Tyre also speaks of Satan. The prophet Daniel predicted the coming of Antiochus Epiphanes (Dan 11:29–35) who sacrificed a pig on the altar in the Jewish Temple (the abomination that causes desolation). In the midst of the passage, however, Daniel leaps over the centuries in verse 35 to link Antiochus Epiphanes to the antichrist of the final day, since they shared so much as members of the line of the anti-messiah.
Look at Isaiah 14:12-14 again. How many times does the word “I” occur in this passage?
5x. Five times the phrase “I” is used before what the Daystar, Son of the dawn dude said he was going to do.